BRI NEWS Major achievements of economic reform in China


Major achievements of economic reform in China


14:22, October 29, 2019


(Photos: CGTN)

The 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) started its four-day fourth plenary session in Beijing on Monday.

At the third plenary session in February 2018, the 19th CPC Central Committee issued a communique emphasizing that China's transformation should focus on promoting high-quality development and developing a modernized economy.

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee has been working hard since then to deepen a series of economic reforms.

Maintaining stable economic growth

Despite a mounting downward pressure due to complicated economic situation at home and abroad, China's economy maintained overall stability in the first three quarters of 2019.

The GDP increased 6 percent in the third quarter and 6.2 percent in the first three quarters year-on-year. 

To keep such a trend, the country has been actively making fresh plans for new economic growth. 

In February, China announced the blueprint of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, which is seen as one of the significant attempts to augment China's reform and opening-up policy as well as a practical way to apply the principle of "One Country, Two Systems." 

The Greater Bay Area encompasses special administrative regions (SAR) of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Huizhou, Zhongshan, Foshan, Zhaoqing and Jiangmen, cities in southern China's Guangdong Province. The plan aims at integrating abundant resources in the regions to build one of the world's top bay areas and world-class city clusters.


According to a State Council guideline released in August, Shenzhen should become a "modern international city of innovation" by 2025, with its economic power and high quality of development at the forefront of cities worldwide. By 2035, it should become a "hub for innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship" as well as a model for China to build a "great modern socialist country" at the city level. 

Continuously optimizing business environment 

Business environment has been largely optimized thanks to a robust economic reform agenda. 

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang announced in March that China will reduce the tax burden and social insurance contributions of enterprises by nearly 2 trillion yuan (about 298 billion U.S. dollars) in 2019, thereby bolstering the corporate sector, especially private and small enterprises. 

China also announced measures in April to reduce government-levied charges and operating service fees by more than 300 billion yuan (44.7 billion U.S. dollars) this year. Coming into effect from July, the measures are aimed at further lessening the burden on businesses and individuals.

In the recent World Bank Group's Doing Business 2020 report, China is placed in top 10 most improved list for ease of doing business for second consecutive year.

"China has undertaken substantial efforts to improve the domestic business climate for small and medium-size enterprises, maintaining an active pace of reforms," said World Bank Country Director for China Martin Raiser.

Last week, China's State Council published regulations, effective from January 1, 2020, on optimizing business environment to unleash productive forces and advance a stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment in alignment with advanced international levels.

Further opening-up: developing free trade zones and foreign-friendly financial market

Setting up more free trade zones (FTZ) is one of the country's major efforts towards economic reform and opening-up. 

In August, Shanghai officially launched the new FTZ Lingang Special Area, in Shanghai to facilitate overseas investment and capital flows.

Later on, the State Council released a master plan for six new pilot free trade zones which will be located in the six provincial regions, namely Shandong, Jiangsu, Hebei, Yunnan and Heilongjiang, and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 

The plan is to bring the total number of the country's pilot FTZs to 18, which serve as pioneers of the country's reform and opening-up as they test new styles of foreign investment management, trade facilitation, and transformation of government functions to better integrate the economy with international practices.

Each pilot FTZ will carry out distinctive and differentiated tasks for piloting reform. The FTZs aim at addressing systemic issues centered on investment, trade and finance, and deepening trade and economic cooperation with neighboring countries and regions.


Regarding the financial market reform, China passed the Foreign Investment Law in March, supporting a high standard of opening-up under the new circumstances. In July, the country announced a move to end foreign ownership limits on brokerages, fund management firms as well as futures companies in 2020, a year earlier than originally planned as the country speeds up its financial opening-up.

A clear timetable has been set recently. According to China Securities Regulatory Commission, foreign ownership limits on fund management firms will be lifted starting April 1 next year, while shareholding caps on foreign investors currently faced by brokerages will be scrapped from December 1 next year.

Moreover, State Administration of Foreign Exchange last Friday introduced 12 measures to facilitate cross-border trade and investment, as the country eyes high-quality economic growth.

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