A Chinese industry association has called for a new pricing mechanism for iron ore, as the iron ore index has increased significantly this year, especially since November.
On Friday, the S&P Global Platts Iron ore index hit $164.15 per ton, up 76 percent since the start of the year, its highest level in nearly nine years.
The price rose by $31.1 per ton in the first 14 trading days of December, accounting for 43.8 percent of the annual rise. The price was also up $45.1 per ton from November, accounting for 63.6 percent of the total rise in 2020.
"The rise has been so big and fast that it has deviated from the fundamentals of supply and demand, and greatly exceeded the expectations of steel mills, showing obvious signs of capital speculation," Luo Tiejun, vice president of the China Iron and Steel Association (CISA), said at an industry conference on Saturday, media reported.
Luo suggested that China should adopt comprehensive measures to ensure the supply of iron ore, establish a new pricing mechanism, improve futures market rules and further strengthen supervision, to speed up the resolution of iron-ore related problems and build a strategic security support system for China's iron ore resources.
In the first nine months of this year, China accounted for 58 percent of the world's crude steel output, used 69 percent of its pig iron, and consumed 71 percent of the world's iron ore exports, according to the CISA.
"Such high proportions reflect the effective control of the epidemic in China, which boosted strong demand. As the pandemic in other countries gradually improves, the proportion of China's output will gradually decline," Luo said in November during an industry conference.
Luo also noted that as speculation in the iron ore market is expected to decline, iron ore prices will show a downward trend in 2021.
From January to September this year, China's crude steel output was 782 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 4.5 percent, showed statistics. The average daily output in September was 3.085 million tons, the highest level ever for a single month.