BP reported Tuesday that it tumbled into a massive $20.3-billion (16.8-billion- euro) net loss last year, despite a slender fourth-quarter profit, as the coronavirus pandemic ravaged global energy demand.
The enormous loss contrasted sharply with net profit of $4.0 billion in 2019, the British energy major said, adding that the oil sector had been "hit hard" by the Covid-19 crisis.
The London-listed giant said the loss was driven by tumbling oil and gas prices, as well as significant impairments and exploration write-offs during a tumultuous year for the energy industry.
However in the fourth quarter -- the three months to December -- net profit hit $1.36 billion after the sale of BP's petrochemical business to privately-owned rival Ineos for $5.0 billion.
BP last year axed almost 10,000 jobs or 15 percent of its global workforce and embarked upon major asset disposals after the pandemic caused huge asset writedowns.
"2020 will forever be remembered for the pain and sadness caused by Covid-19. Lives were lost -- livelihoods destroyed," Chief Executive Bernard Looney said in a statement.
"Our sector was hit hard as well. Road and air travel are down, as are oil demand, prices and margins. It was also a pivotal year for the company.
"We launched a net zero ambition, set a new strategy to become an integrated energy company and created an offshore wind business in the United States," Looney said.
"We began reinventing BP -- with nearly 10,000 people leaving the company. We strengthened our finances -- taking out costs and closing major divestments."
Tuesday's results were published one day after the company announced the sale of a 20-percent stake in Oman's block 61 gas field to Thailand's state-controlled PTTEP for $2.6 billion. BP will retain a 40-percent stake and continue to operate the block.
Under Looney, who took over the reins at BP a year ago as the pandemic began taking hold worldwide, the group is looking to raise $25 billion from asset sales by 2025.
After companies worldwide closed their doors and airlines grounded planes towards the end of last year's first quarter, oil prices dropped off a cliff, even turning negative at one point.
Prices then rebounded sharply and are currently trading above $50 per barrel.
Turning to the outlook, BP forecast an oil demand recovery this year but cautioned this would depend on vaccine rollouts and actions by governments and individuals worldwide.
"Oil demand is anticipated to recover in 2021. The speed and degree of the rebound depends on governments' policies and individuals' self-imposed actions as vaccine distribution proceeds," BP said.