CHINA Ancient intellectual testing system revealed

CHINA

Ancient intellectual testing system revealed

China Daily

21:05, October 26, 2021

Residents visit a special zhuangyuan cultural exhibition which showcasing the life track and achievements of the zhuangyuan in South China's Guangdong province. Photo by Zheng Erqi/chinadaily.com.cn

A special zhuangyuan cultural exhibition kicked off in Guangzhou, Guangdong province, on Tuesday, showcasing the lives and achievements of the top scorers in imperial examinations in ancient Chinese dynasties.

The exhibition will run until the end of February in the city's Luxun Museum. It has three parts, including historical documents, photos, videos, objects and related materials demonstrating China's ancient imperial examination system.

It combs the cultural resources of imperial examinations in Guangdong to carry forward excellence and enhance cultural self-confidence.

Guangdong province once had nine literary zhuangyuan and another five military zhuangyuan since the Sui Dynasty (581-618). A person had to pass a preliminary test for children, then a provincial examination, a general examination and finally an imperial examination before he was chosen as zhuangyuan by the emperor. Only men were eligible.

The man who came second was known as bangyan while third place was tanhua. Such top scorers can be recruited as high-ranking government officials.

China's imperial examinations, which started in the Sui Dynasty, continued for more than 1,300 years before ending in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

Terms of Service & Privacy Policy

We have updated our privacy policy to comply with the latest laws and regulations. The updated policy explains the mechanism of how we collect and treat your personal data. You can learn more about the rights you have by reading our terms of service. Please read them carefully. By clicking AGREE, you indicate that you have read and agreed to our privacy policies

Agree and continue