CHINA China achieves remarkable progress in reforming social governance


China achieves remarkable progress in reforming social governance

By Xu Jun | People's Daily app

22:14, December 02, 2020

Chinese President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visits a residential community and learns about primary-level social governance in Changchun, northeast China's Jilin Province, July 23, 2020. File photo: Xinhua

"The level of modernization of China's system and capacity for governance is largely reflected in primary-level governance, and continuous efforts should be made to consolidate grassroots-level social governance."

Chinese President Xi Jinping made these remarks in July while inspecting Changchun, the capital city of Northeast China's Jilin Province.

Xi has issued a series of important instructions on strengthening and innovating social governance since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in November 2012.

Based on collaboration, participation and common interests, the model is becoming a distinct feature of China's social governance, with reportedly remarkable achievements in people's growing sense of fulfillment, happiness and security.

Governance model

China fought an extraordinarily fierce and successful war against the COVID-19 epidemic. During that war, the government's governance efforts, society's self-regulation and residents' self-governance reinforced each other.

Community workers in Wuhan. File photo: Xinhua

A law-based social governance model formed during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016–2020)was put into practice. CPC committees exercised leadership, the government assumed responsibility, non-governmental actors provided assistance and the public participated.

Not only did frontline medical staff fight COVID-19, but local authorities and other stakeholders in China all took on their responsibilities for prevention and control.

Community workers, primary and community officials were sent to work in communities. Police and customs officers worked day and night to protect lives and public safety.

Some 4 million community workers worked in about 650,000 urban and rural communities, taking body temperatures, screening for infection, disseminating government policies and sanitizing neighborhoods.

Millions of delivery couriers braved the virus and the cold, delivering warmth and comfort to people in cities and rural areas.

China's 1.8 million sanitation workers worked from dawn to dusk to clean and disinfect public spaces.

Streamlined administration

During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, governments at all levels advanced reforms to streamline administration, delegate power, improve regulation and upgrade services.

Local authorities cut red tape to resume normal life order and production during the long-term fight against COVID-19.

They made more online services available to enterprises and eased restrictions on smaller businesses.

The government eased registration policies for business establishment to less than five workdays and project approval to less than 120 workdays.

"Fengqiao experience"

Anji County Social Conflicts Dispute Resolution Center. File

Conflict management plays an important role in social governance. To resolve contradictions in a fair and efficient way is a driving force of national governance.

Ten open reception windows delineate the circular hall of Anji County Social Conflicts Dispute Resolution Center in Zhejiang Province. County-level departments resolve grass-roots level requests and disputes on the spot rather than forwarding them to higher authorities.

A mediation department includes respected CPC representatives of the National People's Congress and Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), CPC veterans, veteran cadres and entrepreneurs.

This is dubbed the "Fengqiao experience.” Zhejiang Province's Fengqiao township was promoted in the 1960s for its community-level social governance.

Nowadays this model is still promoted as exemplary in social dispute resolution. The "Fengqiao experience" is also held in high regard by Xi.

(Compiled by Sun Tianren and Qiu Qingyi and Wang Pengda)

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