UNDP resident president in China Beate Trankmann presents the 2019 Global Human Development Report on December 9, 2019. (Photo: UNDP)
China has achieved notable progress in human development over the last three decades, with an increase of 51.1 percent in human development index (HDI) between 1990 to 2018, according to a United Nations Development Program (UNDP) report on Monday.
UNDP released the 2019 Global Human Development Report called "Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today," on Monday in Beijing, which focused on inequalities in human development in the 21st century.
"China's development progress over the last three decades has been remarkable," said Beate Trankmann, UNDP resident president in China at the event.
China's HDI increased from 0.501 in 1990 to 0.758 in 2018, which made China the only country in the world since 1990 to move from the low development group to a high development group.
China has played an essential role in the global progress of poverty alleviation by lifting around 750 million people out of extreme rural poverty, Beate noted at the event. "Without China's progress, the world's progress on that indicator will look quite different."
The national average for high school attendance in China is 86 percent, higher than the average for high-income countries' primary education, the report said.
"That's quite an achievement and the heavy investment shows how much focus China puts on education," Beate noted.
Wang Dong, policy adviser and program director for Sustainable Development Goals Localization of UNDP China, said China's development concept has changed from emphasizing one dimension to focusing on an integrated, coordinated concept of economic, social and environmental development over the past decades, which provides an institutional support for all aspects of the country's development.