The week-long 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) concluded in Beijing on October 24, during which the CPC Constitution was amended to include Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as a new component of the Party's guide for action.
The CPC Constitution was first unveiled at the second CPC National Congress held in 1922. At the 7th CPC National Congress in 1945, Mao Zedong Thought was established as CPC's guiding ideology.
The current version of the Constitution was endorsed at the 12th CPC National Congress in 1982, which corrected "leftist" mistakes and set economic construction for socialist modernization as the focus of the Party's work.
Apart from the revisions approved on October 24, the current constitution had undergone amendments for six times since 1982, which are as follows:
-- At the 18th CPC National Congress in November 2012, the Scientific Outlook on Development was made a part of the Party's guide for action in the constitution;
-- At the 17th CPC National Congress in October 2007, the Scientific Outlook on Development was added into the Constitution;
-- At the 16th CPC National Congress in November 2002, the Theory of Three Represents was included as part of the Party's guide for action;
-- At the 15th CPC National Congress in September 1997, Deng Xiaoping Theory was established as the CPC's guiding theory;
-- At the 14th CPC National Congress in October 1992, Deng Xiaoping's theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics was written into the constitution;
-- At the 13th CPC National Congress in November 1987, revisions, such as the use of competitive or multi-candidate election procedure in which the number of candidates nominated is greater than the number of persons to be elected in elections, were made.