CHINA World's oldest flower dating back to Early Jurassic period found in Nanjing

CHINA

World's oldest flower dating back to Early Jurassic period found in Nanjing

China Plus

20:58, December 19, 2018

An article published by scientists from China, Spain, and Australia in the British magazine eLife says that a newly discovered fossilized flower in China's Nanjing Province might reshape our current understanding of the evolution of flowers, by pushing back the appearance of flowering plants back as far as the Early Jurassic Period, according to a report by Xinhua Daily News on Wednesday.

The fossilized flower called Nanjinganthus found in China's Nanjing Province. The fossil is the earliest known flowering plant. [Photo: VCG]

The fossilized flower called Nanjinganthus found in China's Nanjing Province. The fossil is the earliest known flowering plant. (Photos: VCG)

The plant, called Nanjinganthus, dates back to more than 174 million years ago, making it the oldest known flower by almost 50 million years. The fossil was found by researchers after a long period of field exploration. Since the first fossilized flower was discovered in Nanjing in early 2016, more than 300 fossil flowers have been discovered.

The fossilized flower called Nanjinganthus found in China's Nanjing Province. The fossil is the earliest known flowering plant. [Photo: VCG]

The abundance of specimens has allowed researchers to dissect some of the fossil flowers. The appearance of a cup-like receptacle, ovarian roof, and enclosed ovules in the Nanjinganthus is consistent with the researcher's inference that the Nanjinganthus was a flowering plant.

The fossilized flower called Nanjinganthus found in China's Nanjing Province. The fossil is the earliest known flowering plant. [Photo: VCG]


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