Countries Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea

14:53, July 11, 2019


Photos: VCG

Full name: The Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Area: 462,800 square kilometers

Population: 8 million

Capital: Port Moresby

Official languages: English and Pidgin

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II 

Independence Day: September 16

Geography: A country in the southwest part of  the Pacific. It borders Indonesia’s Irian Jaya province to the west and faces Australia in the south across the Torres Strait.



GDP: $22.86 billion (2017)

GDP per capita: $2,829 (2017)

Currency: PGK

Papua New Guinea is rich in resources but its economic development is unbalanced. Minerals, petroleum and agricultural cash crops are the pillar industries.


Output of gold and copper rank 11th and 10th, respectively, in the world, and oil and natural gas resources are also abundant.


From June to July 2017, a general election was held in Papua New Guinea. In August, a new parliament and government were formed. And Peter O'Neill was re-elected Prime Minister. 


The education system is implemented at three levels: central, provincial and prefectural. The national literacy rate is 57.8 percent in this country.

Bilateral Relations between China and Papua New Guinea


Chinese President Xi Jinping (R) meets with Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter O'Neill (L), April 25, 2019. (Photo: Xinhua)

On October 12, 1976, China established diplomatic relations with Papua New Guinea. 

On April 25, 2019, Chinese President Xi Jinping met with Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, who attended the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.

On April 26, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Friday met with Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, who attended the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

After the meeting, they witnessed the signing of cooperation documents between the two sides. 

On April 27, 2019, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Papua New Guinean Foreign Minister Rimbink Pato in Beijing.

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