Countries Republic of Peru


Republic of Peru

13:29, July 03, 2019


Photos: VCG

Area: 1285,216 square kilometers, it ranks fourth in Latin America.

Population: 31.23 million, it ranks fifth in Latin America. Among them, Mestizo accounted for 45 percent, Peruvian-European mixed-races accounted for 37 percent, whites accounted for 15 percent, and other ethnic groups accounted for 3 percent. 

Language: The official language is Spanish, and Quechua, Aymara and more than 30 other native languages are spoken in some regions.

Geography: Located in western South America. It borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Chile to the south, Bolivia to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The coastline is 2,254 kilometers long. The whole area is divided into tropical deserts, plateau and tropical rainforests from west to east.

Capital: Lima, a population of 9.48 million

Independence day: July 28

Currency: Sol


In traditional farming and mining countries, the economy is at a medium level among Latin American countries. The Kuczynski government attaches importance to giving play to the leading role of the market in economic development, advocating free trade, and increasing investment in agriculture, mining, and infrastructure construction. In 2018, the secret economic growth rate was 4 percent, the GDP was 231.567 billion US dollars, and the per capita GDP was 7,198 US dollars.


Head of State: Martín Alberto VIZCARRA Cornejo


Inauguration on March 23, 2018, term of office until July 2021.

The current government was established on April 2, 2018, and is composed of the chairman of the Council of Ministers and 18 ministers. The president presides over the Council of Ministers and appoints the cabinet.

Congress, a one-chamber system, consists of 130 members. Members are elected for a term of five years and are eligible for re-election.

The court is divided into four levels: the Supreme Court, the High Court, the Court of First Instance and the Court of Mediation. Judges at all levels are assessed and recommended by the National or Local Judges Committee and appointed by the president. The president of the Supreme Court is elected from the Chief Justice for a term of two years.

The State Procuratorate is an independent body. The Attorney General is elected by the Supreme Procuratorate for a term of three years and may be re-elected once, but the second term shall not exceed two years.

Peru-China relation

On November 2, 1971, the People's Republic of China and the republic of Peru formally established diplomatic relations. On the Taiwan issue, the Peruvian government has adhered to the one-China principle. In November 2008, China and Peru established a strategic partnership. In April 2013, the relationship between the two countries was upgraded to a comprehensive strategic partnership. 

In recent years, the two countries have maintained close high-level exchanges. In September 2016, President Kuczynski paid a state visit to China. In November, President Xi Jinping went to Lima, Peru to attend the 24th informal meeting of APEC leaders and paid a state visit to Peru.

In November 2017, President Xi and President Kuczynski talked twice during the 25th informal meeting of APEC leaders in Da Nang, Vietnam.

The two foreign ministries established a political consultation system in 1992 and have held ten political consultations so far.

In April 2009, China and Peru signed a free trade agreement. On March 1, 2010, the two countries' free trade agreements came into effect. In November 2016, the two countries launched a joint study on the upgrading of the FTA. In November 2018, the two countries announced the end of the joint study on the upgrading of the FTA and initiated the negotiations on the escalation of the FTA. In April 2019, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the "One Belt, One Road" cooperation.

Terms of Service & Privacy Policy

We have updated our privacy policy to comply with the latest laws and regulations. The updated policy explains the mechanism of how we collect and treat your personal data. You can learn more about the rights you have by reading our terms of service. Please read them carefully. By clicking AGREE, you indicate that you have read and agreed to our privacy policies

Agree and continue