The Republic of Uganda
Population: 44.3 million
Area: 241,550 square kilometers
Major languages: Swahili, English
Official currency: Ugandan shilling
Religion: 45% Catholic, 40% Protestant, 11% Muslim and 4% others.
National Day: October 9
Liberation Day: January 26
Uganda is located in eastern Africa, west of Kenya, south of South Sudan, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and north of Rwanda and Tanzania. It is in the heart of the Great Lakes region. While much of its border is lakeshore, Uganda is landlocked with no access to the sea.
The country is mostly plateau with a rim of mountains.
The climate is tropical and generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August). It is semiarid in the northeast.
Uganda is one of the latest developed countries in the world, according to UN. The economy of Uganda is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry dominates its economy, which account for 70 and 95 percent of its GDP, respectively.
The 2018 economic indicators are as follows:
Gross domestic product: $28.3 billion
Per capita GDP: $638.70
Economic growth rate: 5.3 percent
Main exports: Coffee, fish products, tobacco, corn, flowers, leather, etc.
Main imports: Refined Petroleum, cars , steel, packaged medicaments, broadcasting equipment, etc.
Head of State:
President: Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
Prime Minister: Ruhakana Rugunda
Ruling party: The National Resistance Movement Organization(NRMO)
Uganda is a presidential republic, in which the President of Uganda is both head of state and head of government. There is a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government.
Relations with China
● On Oct.18, 1962, China and Uganda signed a Joint Communiqué to set up diplomatic relations and China became one of the first countries in the world to open diplomatic missions in Uganda.
● Since 1999, the bilateral trade has witnessed rapid growth recorded $10.85 million 1999 and $15.27 million in 2000 and $17.48 million in 2001.
● The year of 2013 saw rapid growth of friendship and cooperation between China and Uganda. Cooperation in various areas yielded rich fruits.
● June 25, 2019, Chinese President Xi Jinping and visiting Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni agreed to lift their countries' relationship to a comprehensive cooperative partnership.
Uganda and China have established deep-rooted and unshakable political mutual trust, and have seen remarkable achievements in bilateral economic cooperation. Since 1962, China has assisted Uganda with the following major projects: farms, icehouse, biogas digester, research centers of food and ceramics, national stadium, fishing dock and office building of its ministry of foreign affairs. In 2018, the two-way trade reached $752 million.
Since 1983, China has sent 18 batches of medical teams, 173 people in total to Uganda. Three pairs of sister cities have been tied, namely Changsha and Entebbe, Sanya and Mbarara as well as Wuhan and Entebbe.