Full name: Republic of Yemen
Area: 528,000 square kilometers
Population: 27.58 million (2019)
Official language: Arabic
Geography: A country on the southwestern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is adjacent to Saudi Arabia and Oman and borders the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden as well as the Arabian Sea.
National Day: May 22
GDP: $16.9 billion (2018)
GDP per capita: $2,159 (2018)
Yemen is one of the least developed countries in the world, mainly depending on oil exports to generate revenue. At present, there are about 4 billion barrels of oil and 1.85 billion cubic feet of natural gas having been explored. Yemen is not a member of any petroleum organization, having more autonomy in production without the quota restrictions under the International Petroleum Organization. The government attaches great importance to oil exploration and exploitation and overcomes economic difficulties by exporting oil, natural gas and opening up mineral resources.
In addition to oil, Yemen is also rich in other kinds of resources, including iron, aluminium, chromium, nickel, cobalt, gold, silver, coal, salt, marble, sulfur, oil, natural gas, gypsum, etc.
Yemen is a republic, in which people are the source and subject of power. They directly exercise their political rights through electoral voting. The political system of Yemen is based on political pluralism and multi-party system, and peaceful regime alternation is achieved through general elections. In February 2001, a referendum was held and amendments to the Constitution were adopted, extending the President’s the term of office from five to seven years, and giving the President the power to dissolve Parliament.
Free education is mandatory in primary and secondary schools throughout the country. Compulsory education system is adopted in primary schools. Besides,the government is committed to expanding basic, technological and vocational education.
Bilateral relations between China and Yemen
In May 2016, Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Yemen, Abdulmalik Al-Mekhlafi, during the 7th Ministerial Conference of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum in Doha.
In July 2018, the Foreign Minister of Yemen attended the 8th Ministerial Conference of China-Arab Cooperation Forum. State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Yemane in Beijing.
In April 2019, May Tammy, Minister of Industry and Trade of Yemen, came to China to attend the related activities of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. China and Yemen signed bilateral cooperation documents of Belt and Road.