CULTURE China's top 10 new archaeological discoveries in 2020

CULTURE

China's top 10 new archaeological discoveries in 2020

By Wang Kaihao | China Daily

11:54, April 13, 2021

Zhaoguo Cave site, Gui'an New Area, Guizhou province. Paleolithic to Neolithic period dating back 45,000 to 12,000 years The findings provide key clues to studying the living conditions of hunter-gatherers of Southwest China in the Pleistocene Epoch, and offer one of the most abundant discoveries in China that indicate the early-stage usage of fire. (Photos: China Cultural Relics News)

Relics from Zhaoguo Cave site, Gui'an New Area, Guizhou province.

Jingtoushan shell mound site, Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, dating back 8,000 years. It is one of the largest and oldest prehistoric shell mounds in China ever excavated, and also offers crucial clues to study environmental change in coastal areas.

Relics from Jingtoushan shell mound site, Yuyao, Zhejiang Province.

Shuanghuaishu heritage site, Gongyi, Henan Province (dating back for 5,300 years). It was the highest-level residential complex of its time found along the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, filling a gap in the research of the origins of Chinese civilization. A highlight among the unearthed artifacts is a jade sculpture of a silkworm.

A jade silkworm from Shuanghuaishu heritage site, Gongyi, Henan Province.

Shizhuang heritage site, Zhoukou, Henan Province, 2000 to 1700 BC. The site is the earliest-known evidence of a fortified city of barns in China, which is an exceptional reference to study early-stage managing systems for food supply in ancient China.

Shizhuang heritage site, Zhoukou, Henan province.

Xuyang graveyard site, Yichuan county, Luoyang, Henan Province, Eastern Zhou Dynasty. The graveyard shows mixture of rituals of Central China and other ethnic groups in the west of China today, reflecting how different cultures exchanged with each other at time of an inclusive atmosphere of Chinese civilization.

Relics from Xuyang graveyard site, Yichuan county, Luoyang, Henan Province.

Sangsdar Lungmgo graveyard site, Zanda county, Ngari prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region, 4th century BC--7th century AD. As a key finding of early-stage history of Tibet, it shows frequent communication among the region with the area to the south of Himalayas as well as today's Central China and Xinjiang.

A relic from Sangsdar Lungmgo graveyard site, Zanda county, Ngari prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region

No. 2 pit of Tushan Tomb, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province. Eastern Han Dynasty (25 to 220). The finding of a vassal king is of great academic significance for mausoleum archaeology in China and studies of the evolution of ancient Chinese tombs.

Relics from No. 2 pit of Tushan Tomb, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province

Shaolingyuan tombs site, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, Sixteen Kingdoms period (304-409). Unearthed high level tombs with a rich cache of pottery figurines and burial objects show a mixture of Han Chinese culture and those of other ethnic groups.

Pottery figurines from Shaolingyuan tombs site, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province

Reshui graveyard site, Dulan county, Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan autonomous prefecture, Qinghai Province, Tang Dynasty (618-907) --New discoveries in the Xuewei No. 1 Tomb at the site further unveil cultural communication between Tang and other regions inhabited by non-Han ethnic groups and offer clues on studies on the Silk Road.

Relics from Reshui graveyard site, Dulan county, Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan autonomous prefecture, Qinghai Province

Mopancun city ruins, Tumen, Jilin Province, Early 13th century. The ruins up on the mountain were proven to be the capital city of the regional regime of Dongxia, which existed from the Jin (1115-1234) to Yuan (1271-1368) dynasties.

Mopancun city ruins, Tumen, Jilin Province

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