According to the data from the Shaanxi Provincial Health Bureau, the life expectancy of Shaanxi residents increases to 77 years, which was only 52 years in 1958, the growth rate is higher than the national average.
And the infant mortality rate decreased from 35.13 percent in 1996 to 2.96 percent in 2018, and the maternal mortality rate decreased from 67.10 per 100,000 to 73 per 100,000 in 2018, which is lower than the national average.
By the end of 2018, compared to 1949, the number of health institutions had increased from 152 to 35,300. The number of beds actually increased from 1,328 to 253,711. The number of medical staff had increased from 4,839 to 410,735. The number of hospitals in urban and rural areas had greatly increased, so it is more convenient for residents to go to hospitals.
Immunization is the most economical and effective means to prevent infectious diseases. Since 1978, Shaanxi Province has implemented planned immunization. More than 16 million children are vaccinated free of charge every year. The vaccination coverage rate has reached more than 95 percent, and the incidence of infectious diseases has dropped to the lowest level in history.
Over the past 70 years, great achievements have been made in the prevention and control of endemic diseases, the harm of endemic diseases has been basically eliminated, and leprosy patients can basically be completely cured. The main endemic diseases such as Kashin-Beck disease, leprosy and arsenic poisoning have been basically eliminated.
Health emergency response capacity has been greatly improved. By the end of 2018, there was one national emergency medical rescue team, nine provincial health emergency teams, 230 professional team members and more than 300 health emergency experts.
What’s more, full coverage of rural doctors has been achieved. Small medicine cabinets, stethoscopes, sphygmomanometers, thermometers, these rural doctors' labels have become a lingering memory of a generation. Now it has become the symbol of an era. A total of 24,183 standardized village clinics have been built, and 80 percent of them can arrive in 20 minutes. In 2018, the total number of medical and health institutions in the province reached 19,627.98 million, an increase of 469 times than in 1993.
At last, the maternal and child health care service system has been gradually established. CDC and the Health Bureau have implemented a series of health plans, such as prenatal eugenic health examination, folic acid supplementation to prevent neural tube defects, maternal health management, prenatal screening for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B, prenatal serological screening, prenatal ultrasound, neonatal disease screening, women's health promotion, cervical cancer and breast cancer. Projects such as screening for adenocarcinoma, maternal health project, screening for pregnancy, family planning technical services, nutritional improvement of children in poor areas, and promotion of early childhood development.
At present, there are 116 maternal and child health centers, 7,712 beds and 15,726 medical staff in the province. The maternal mortality rate is 7.3/100,000, the infant mortality rate is 2.96 percent and the mortality rate of children under 5 years old is 4.9 percent, maternal and child health care has made great progress.
(Compiled by Bai Yuanqi and Ma Luyao)