HEADLINE Shanghai police use AI for traffic violations, security risks


Shanghai police use AI for traffic violations, security risks

Global Times

03:14, February 13, 2018

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Police in Shanghai have adopted the use of artificial intelligence, with electronic policemen able to capture 10 kinds of traffic violations and smart well lid able to call the police in emergency. 
The electronic police, designed by Shanghai's public security bureau, can detect about 10 kinds of traffic violations,  including running the red light, crossing traffic lines, going the wrong direction, and not yielding to pedestrians. The use of electronic police has largely reduced traffic violations since it was introduced in Shanghai's Pudong district in October 2017 - the Kangxin road and Xiuyan road intersection. 
"Police in China are eyeing the use of AI and big data in the public security system. Information-based technology will eventually replace officers' conventional work," Wang Hongwei, a professor at the School of Public Administration and Policy at the Renmin University of China, told the Global Times.
"The goal of intelligent police is to rely on high-technology and intelligence instead of huge-crowd tactics," Wang said. 
The application of high-technology is a timely response as criminals and rule violators tend to use high-technology and more clandestine methods to commit crimes, Zhang Yi, CEO of iiMedia Research, told the Global Times on Monday. 
In 2017, the number of traffic accidents in Shanghai, deaths and injuries have reduced by 10.6 percent, 10.9 percent and 8.6 percent, respectively, compared to the previous year.  
Shanghai's police also developed a system to monitor the flow of people and a pre-warning system in busy areas, which helps them adjust their plans accordingly. The system supported the successful and safe gathering in Huangpu's Bund on New Year's Eve. 
Intelligent police have also been installed in Shanghai's neighborhoods, thepaper.cn reported. 
The Tianlin Shier Village neighborhood, one of many pilot areas in Shanghai, has built an intelligent prevention and service network using technologies such as biometric recognition. 
Intelligent capturing and monitoring equipment have put the neighborhood under a real-time sensing system, which helps to improve its security problems. Once the neighborhood experiences abnormal situations, the intelligent system would report the information to the local community police and security guards through the phone. 
The gate magnetism, smoke sensors and smart well lid as well as door locks are also part of the sensing system. Once there is a malfunction or a manhole cover being moved, the alarm would automatically be activated. 
To build intelligent systems, the public security department will rely heavily on private companies to jointly develop the technology, Wang said. 
The joint cooperation is seen in the military and is expanding to public security departments.  Private companies should be carefully screened over security concerns, Zhang said. 
In the next three years, Shanghai's police will install data accumulation equipment on streets, blocks and basements and gather data related to passenger flow, telecommunications, environment, water, electricity, gas and well lid.
The initial system in the city is expected to be used before November, with 22 key projects to be completed in the next three years.

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