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US expert: A struggle to shape the emerging 'new world order' is underway

[Photo/Agencies]Given the changes and conflicts in 2022, the world will experience uncertainties when strengths and vulnerabilities among the major powers are shifted. US capitalism and its empire are widely perceived as waning, said Richard D. Wolff, professor of economics emeritus at the University of Massachusetts, in an article published in Asia Times,on Dec 19, 2022.According to the article, US hegemony has governed and held together a particular global arrangement of economies since World War II. However, the short-term instabilities and long-term trends inside and outside the great powers has undermined US hegemony. A struggle to shape the emerging "new world order" is underway.A survey conducted by French think tank École de Guerre Économique (EGE), in July 2022, was quoted as answering that the United States was Frances greatest threat when respondents were asked to name five foreign powers that most threaten Frances interests.Besides, many leaders and influencers around the world criticize and resent the last 75 years of economic hegemony and self-serving policies wielded by the United States, such as new US subsidies for automobiles produced inside the United States, it said.The US has shifted from a policy of neoliberal globalization to one of economic nationalism after more than two decades of doing poorly in competition with China, said the article. "US global empire has lost power, the United States lost wars in Asia, China has emerged as the first serious economic competitor against the United States since at least 1945."The article mentioned that Chinas economic growth encountered problems but continued to be remarkably positive and often crucially supportive of the worlds economic conditions in ways that were once more closely associated with the role of the United States.An old empire (the US) is now clearly in decline, and a new one (China) is emerging. The only other potential major power is the EU, but ...

Chinese modernization unique but beneficial to world

The Great Hall of the People in Beijing. (Photo: IC)The 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which promoted Chinese-style modernization, was one of the biggest events in 2022 that had an equally big impact on the world. The 20th CPC National Congress report describes Chinese path to modernization as the modernization of a huge population, pursuit of common prosperity, advancement of material and culture ethics, promotion of harmony between humankind and nature, and realization of peaceful development.Like civilization, modernization contains elements of both universality and particularity. According to the 20th Party Congress report, Chinese-style modernization contains elements common to the modernization processes of all countries, but it has features that are unique to China. Modernization with Chinese characteristics has shown that modernization is not Westernization, and every country can choose its own path to modernization in line with its own national reality.However, Chinese path to modernization and Western modernization are not necessarily mutually exclusive. They can be complementary, as both manifest the modernization of human civilization. Likewise, Chinese-style modernization, as a product of the creative transformation and innovation-driven development of traditional Chinese culture, will suit the international communitys interests.Common prosperity, which is essential to socialism, is a significant feature of Chinese-style modernization. It refers to the prosperity of all people, rather than a few. The concept can be traced back to Confucianism, according to which inequality rather than want is the cause of all the troubles.By eradicating absolute poverty, China has taken a big step toward realizing common prosperity because rising incomes mean increasing consumption, which in turn will promote development.The development of a modern society of more than 1.4 billion people with shared prosperity will in itself be a big cont...

Garbage removal legislation milestone conservation move

A view of the Qinghai Lake near Haiyan county, Qinghai province, in 2020. (Photo: China Daily)The 38th session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National Peoples Congress reviewed the draft law on ecological conservation of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau for the second time. The draft stipulates that people organizing tourism activities on the plateau should also take care of the garbage generated, while stipulating legal action against those dumping garbage at will.The making of a special law for its ecological conservation marks a milestone in the countrys ecological and environmental protection.The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has a cold climate and fragile ecology, and even a minor human disturbance or damage can leave a deep stamp there. With the leap-frog development of Tibets economy, the construction of transportation infrastructure in Tibet has been progressing rapidly. Even remote areas that once took a week to reach from Lhasa can now be reached in a day by car. Before the pandemic, tourists loved driving into Tibet, believing it was a place for cleansing their soul.While tourism has improved the living conditions of local people, it has also brought pressures on the local ecology.Since the 1980s, great achievements have been made in the ecological protection of the plateau. Several internationally renowned nature reserves have been established and fauna such as Tibetan antelopes and wild yaks effectively protected. With the establishment of the national park system, the management system of nature reserves on the plateau has been upgraded. Thanks to this system, nature is expected to have a harmonious relationship with humankind.Checking pollution on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau through legislation marks a very practical move. Human beings should exercise restraint to show their kindness to nature. We hope the draft law brings more positive changes to the ecological protection of the plateau.

'Strawberry soldiers' fail to convince

Tsai Ing-wen. (File photo: Agencies)Tsai Ing-wen, leader of Chinas Taiwan island, has announced extension of military service for local young people from the current four months to a year, effective from Jan 1, 2024.While announcing it on Tuesday, Tsai said this was "a difficult decision", and for once she seems to be right. There was a time when every young man on the island had to spend two years in a military camp. However, to please young voters, the Kuomintang and Tsais Democratic Progressive Party jointly reduced it to one year in 2008, and then to four months in 2018.Reports now say that pressure from the United States has prompted the ruling DPP to extend the period of military service. Washington has always been pushing to turn the island into a fortress and an "unsinkable aircraft carrier" against China in its quest to prevent Chinas national reunification. Now Tsai has chosen to favor her boss across the Pacific rather than voters on the island.She did so despite a popular sentiment on the island that goes "Vote DPP and get warfare". Her announcement comes after the DPPs humiliating defeat in local elections in November.The decision indicates who is Tsais biggest supporter and who is the biggest threat to peace in the Taiwan Straits. Yes, it is the US and the gentlemen and gentlewomen on Capitol Hill who are always pointing fingers at everyone in the world.However, their plan to prevent Chinas reunification will not succeed. People on both sides of the Straits believe Taiwans military consists of "strawberry soldiers", implying they are as fragile as strawberries, which need warmth and tender care. And some people believe that should the motherland attempt national reunification by force, the strawberry soldiers will surrender in no time. A local opinion poll in Taiwan showed that as many as 71 percent of those surveyed are not confident that these soldiers will be able to "de...

Govt can help stabilize economy

SHI YU/CHINA DAILYChinas exports have shown strong resilience in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the country has significantly sharpened its competitiveness over the past few years. Total exports in renminbi terms increased 4.0 and 21.2 percent respectively in 2020 and 2021, driving up GDP by 0.7 and 1.7 percentage points, while in the first 11 months of 2022, Chinas total exports reached a high of 21.8 trillion renminbi ($3 trillion) — a year-on-year increase of 11.9 percent.As a result, net exports are expected to contribute up to 1 percentage point to GDP growth this year.However, Chinese exports also face multiple challenges. First, because of the US Federal Reserves aggressive rate hikes, the global economy could contract significantly, which might cause some developed countries and emerging economies to slip into recession or encounter an economic downturn that could curb Chinas exports.Second, with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic weakening globally, China has to adjust its exports structure. In the early period of the pandemic China had advantages in checking the spread of the virus and managed to keep a strong export. But now it should be focused on exploiting relative advantages.Third, the rapid rise of the US dollar also means unstable outlook for emerging economies, which again will destabilize exports. This unfavorable external situation cannot be improved by enterprises alone. For that, the visible hand of the government needs to play a more important role.Recently, provincial officials in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong and other provinces heavily dependent on foreign trade have taken chartered flights abroad to "grab orders". That the local governments have taken the initiative to promote high-quality opening-up and the people in southern China have a strong sense of national development has come in for special praise.Worse, the United States-led West, which has gained advantages in many vital fields, is making e...

Washington's political hysteria behind its continued hunting down of TikTok: China Daily editorial

TikToklogosareseenonsmartphonesinfrontofadisplayedByteDancelogointhisillustration。

Penalizing barriers to knowledge flow

The State Administration for Market Regulation has imposed a penalty of 87.6 million yuan ($12.58 million) on Chinese Knowledge Information Gateway, a domestic online resource of published academic essays. TPhoto/VCG The State Administration for Market Regulation has imposed a penalty of 87.6 mill

US must stop moving further down wrong path of manipulating Taiwan question

(Photo: Xinhua)US President Joe Biden last week signed into law the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023. This piece of act contains quite many provisions that seek to stigmatize China. More alarmingly, it sends gravely wrong messages to separatist forces in Taiwan, and is widely perceived as a further step of Washington to suppress Beijing with the Taiwan question.As a US domestic legislation, the act should have focused on its own affairs rather than interfere with other countries in disregard of international law. However, it has peddled the "China threat" narrative based on twisted facts, meddling in Chinas internal affairs, particularly in the Taiwan question.The bill claimed to authorize 10 billion US dollars in security assistance and 2 billion dollar in military loans to Taiwan over the next five years and fast-track arms sales to the island. Behind these moves to fund and weaponize the Taiwan separatists is Washingtons ulterior motive to provoke confrontation and wreak havoc on peace and stability across the Taiwan Straits.In terms of the Taiwan question, the United States has long lost its international credibility since it flagrantly broke international law and political commitments.From the Shanghai Communique in 1972, to the China-US Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations in 1978, and to the August 17 Communique in 1982, the United States has put a clear commitment down in black and white that there is but one China in the world, that Taiwan is part of China, and that the Government of the Peoples Republic of China is the sole legal government of China.In the August 17 Communique, the US government stated that it does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan; that its arms sales to Taiwan will not exceed, either in qualitative or in quantitative terms, the level of those supplied in recent years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United ...

Beyond the stories: a Chinese journalist's year in review

2022 has inarguably been a dramatic year. It’s also been an exciting one for journalists.This is my third year of working at the People’s Daily. Covering China and its engagement with the world for a global audience has been a big part of my day-to-day job. With the year coming to an end, I’d like to take a retrospective look at what has happened during the year and share the story of covering those stories.At the Beijing Winter Olympics, Eileen Gu impressed the world by claiming two gold medals and a silver medal for Team China. The 18-year-old free skier’s aspiring yet humble personality not only won the hearts of many Chinese youth, but also spurred many Chinese parents to rethink their way of parenting.Omicron continues raging across the globe and China is no exception. In the first half of the year, a surge of COVID-19 infections forced local officials in Shanghai to launch citywide mobility restrictions to stem community-level transmission. When the pace of the global financial center slowed down, complex apartment’s “Tuanzhang,” or Group Leader, took on the heroic role of helping residents get food and groceries. Since then, I developed a habit of stuffing my fridge full of instant food, and keeping an extra crate of bottled water at home.China’s unswerving defense of the one-China principle grabbed the world’s attention. In August, US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi paid her notorious visit to Taiwan, despite strong opposition from the Chinese government. The PLA Eastern Theater Command launched unprecedented live-fire joint exercises around Taiwan island.“Taiwan” became a trending word on Twitter and Weibo for days. Disappointingly but unsurprisingly, foreign media described Chinese netizens angered by Pelosi’s trip as nationalists but made light of her provocation of China’s red line.A road map for Chinese people to embark on a new journey. The 20th CPC National Congress was held in Beijing from October 16 to 22. The Party congress approved a report delivered b...

World should address hunger crisis

File photo: China DailyGlobally, 2022 began with severe uncertainty as a COVID-19 relapse threatened to prolong the pandemic. Conflict and climate events and the Ukraine crisis continued to exacerbate uncertainties and put the most vulnerable further at risk.I am trying to sound the alarm about this as loudly as I can. The global food crisis just continues to intensify, and things are going to get worse in 2023.Somalia is on the frontline of this crisis, facing the impact of climate change — seeing its worst drought in 40 years. Crops are failing, livestock are dying and millions of people are facing starvation. This is in just one corner of our planet; people in other places are also on the edge of famine.The World Food Programmes latest analysis has found that, currently, 349 million people across 79 countries are facing acute, or crisis-level, food insecurity — up from 282 million at the start of the calendar year. This is a record high and more than 2.5 times the number of people experiencing crisis levels of hunger before the pandemic began. Its hard to believe that this number was only 80 million people just a few years ago.Among the 349 million facing food insecurity, some 49 million people living in 49 countries are just one step away from famine. Most worrying of all, now almost one million people are living in famine-like conditions — over 300,000 in Somalia alone, the rest in Afghanistan, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Yemen.The compounding factors like conflicts, COVID-19s economic ripple effects, extreme weather, inflation and economic shocks, fuel and fertilizer shortages, and the crisis in Ukraine have created a global food crisis unlike any other.Put simply, the world is facing a food crisis of unprecedented proportions, with the threat of mass starvation and famine growing all the time. Rising food prices and falling living standards have combined to push millions toward starvation unable to afford a basic meal.We must race against time to...

Greater Bay Area's vitality attractive to investment

A photo shows the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, a mega sea-crossing project, in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Aug 18, 2022. (Photo: IC)The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area recently held a global investment conference in Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong province. It attracted hundreds of enterprises from more than 10 countries and regions.At the conference, Siemens Energy announced that its Shenzhen branch was now officially registered, following its establishment as an innovation center in January last year. The innovation center focuses on smart energy, advanced gas turbines and green hydrogen energy, three core technologies related to the energy transition, and works to build a joint open platform to accelerate the commercialization and industrialization of innovation results.The company said that the newly registered Shenzhen company will further strengthen collaboration with the Greater Bay Area, fully tap local innovation resources, talent and policy advantages, and help optimize the areas energy structure and layout.Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and the worlds top 500 companies such as ZF Friedrichshafen AG and Carlsberg Group, also signed major projects at the investment conference.A total of 853 cooperation projects were signed, with a total investment of 2.5 trillion yuan ($359.33 billion), and 48 major projects were inked on site, with a total investment of 180.1 billion yuan. The enterprises that signed these major projects include both foreign-funded enterprises and Sino-foreign joint ventures, involving advanced manufacturing, biotechnology, new generation information technology, and food and health industries.Covering Hong Kong, Macao and nine cities in the Pearl River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is one of Chinas most open and dynamic regions, and also the fastest growing and most dynamic bay area in the world. The "Chinese vitality" the area has demonstrated is the main re...

Can US interest rate hikes curb high inflation in new year?

People shop at a Target store during Black Friday sales in Chicago, Illinois, US, November 25, 2022. [Photo/Agencies]Although the United States administration is satisfied with the state of the US economy, experts are worried about the continued strengthening of the US dollar because it has been affecting global development.Faced with decades-high inflation, the US Federal Reserve has been aggressively raising the interest rate, which in turn is strengthening the dollar. Many central banks have been forced to follow in the Feds footsteps to guard against rising inflation and maintain economic development.The decades-high inflation in the US can be attributed to the imbalance in demand and supply. Due to the pandemic, general demand neither rose nor declined sharply. It remained almost at the pre-pandemic level, but general supply sharply declined.To deal with the pandemic in the initial days, the Fed lowered interest rates for federal funds to 0-0.25 percent, and comprehensively expanded the balance sheet, while the US administration increased the issuing of currency in the name of rescue plans, such as the $2.2 trillion American Cares Act, the $900 billion Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act, and the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan Act.This helped raise general demand. But since the supply couldnt meet the demand, prices kept rising. At its highest, the US Consumer Price Index reached 9.1 percent year-on-year in June. To deal with the high inflation, the Biden administration went from one extreme to another, from resorting to tightening fiscal policy to a series of interest rate hikes.In 2022, the Federal Reserve has raised interest rates for seven times. And on Dec 14, the Feds rate-setting committee hiked its benchmark rate by 0.5 percentage points, lifting its target rate into a range between 4.25 percent and 4.5 percent — the highest level in 15 years.For the Fed, the final interest rate level is more importa...

Taiwan authorities extend mandatory military service to 1 year, 'a deplorable decision' made under US pressure

At a Tuesday press briefing on "adjusting the structure" of the military and defense, Taiwan regional leader Tsai Ing-wen announced to extend mandatory military service from its current four months to one year starting from 2024. The plan, which is strongly opposed by Taiwan people due to non-peaceful associations, is viewed by experts from the Chinese mainland and Taiwan as a deplorable decision to push Taiwan people, especially youth, to the front line of a possible military conflict under the irresistible pressure of the US.Tsai, who has resigned as president of the secessionist Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) after a fiasco in local elections in November, described the decision as "extremely difficult." Hyping the "military threats" from the Chinese mainland, Tsai said that "as long as Taiwan is strong enough, it will not become a battlefield," Taiwan-based media reported. Besides the time period extension, conscripts are required to undergo more intense training sessions, including shooting exercises, grenade throwing, combat instruction used by US troops, and operating drones and some powerful weapons like Stinger anti-aircraft missiles and anti-tank missiles, local media reported. The salary for conscripts will increase to $NT26,000 ($846) from $NT6,000 ($195) per month. Despite Tsai denying there was pressure from the US at the press briefing, analysts across the Taiwan Straits do not regard it as persuasive, as the "US element" has already became an open secret on the island. Mark Esper, the former US Secretary of Defense, once called on the DPP authorities to extend the four-month mandatory military training to at least one year and to include women during his Taiwan trip in July. Zhang Wensheng, deputy dean of the Taiwan Research Institute at Xiamen University, told the Global Times on Tuesday that the extension of mandatory military service will not change the disparity between the military forces on t...

A peace summit without Russia impossible to promote cease-fire

Peace between Russia and Ukraine should be achieved by the push for peace talks with the help of the international community. What is more important is that both Moscow and Kiev need to show a peaceful gesture and sincerity in realizing peace. But judging from the current situation, the two sides lack a consensus about peace, which dims the hope for a cease-fire.(File photo: Xinhua) Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said in an interview with the Associated Press on Monday that his government aims to hold a peace summit by the end of February - exactly one year into the Russia-Ukraine conflict. According to Kuleba, the event is preferable to be held at the United Nations (UN) with Secretary-General António Guterres as the mediator.But such a summit is unlikely to happen, let alone genuinely promote a cease-fire between Russia and Ukraine. Zhang Hong, an associate research fellow at the Institute of Russian, Eastern European and Central Asian Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told the Global Times that one of the main reasons they cannot solve the crisis is that the two sides understanding of peace is far apart - Russia wants a peace that maintains the status quo, while Ukraine wants a peace that restores the status quo, namely the pre-war pattern.In addition, Kuleba said on Monday that Russia must face a war-crimes tribunal before any direct peace talks with Moscow. Experts believe this is a very unrealistic idea from Ukraine, because there is no way that Russia would accept such a condition. The Russian side has already made it clear that a precondition for peace talks requiring Russia to withdraw from Ukraine is "unacceptable."A meeting that promotes peace between the two sides at war must include all parties involved, be it the US, Russia or Ukraine. It is evident that the peace summit proposed by Ukraine will end up being a meeting without Russias participation. Losing its significance of seeking to put an end to the wa...

New stage for control of COVID-19

Starting from Jan 8 next year, COVID-19 will be managed as a Category B infectious disease rather than as Category A, the National Health Commission said in a statement issued on late Monday. This is indeed an important adjustment following the loosening of the tight prevention and control measures. Travelers enter a terminal at Beijing Capital International Airport to take flights on Thursday as some restrictions for travel were eased. CUI JUN/FOR CHINA DAILYIt was responsible of the Chinese government to classify COVID-19 as a Category B infectious disease like HIV, viral hepatitis and H7N9 bird flu, in January 2020, after it was confirmed it could spread between humans. And it was also responsible of the government to manage it under Category A disease protocols, like bubonic plague and cholera, as there was still a lot to learn about the virus and its pathogenicity was strong and so was the fatality rate for those infected.Category A protocols gave local governments the power to place the infected and their contacts under quarantine and lock-down areas where there was a cluster of infections. There is no denying that the tight control and prevention measures such as the checking of nucleic acid test results for those entering public venues and the closed management of neighborhoods effectively protected the majority of residents from being infected, and therefore lowered the fatality rate of the disease by a considerable margin.However, it is impossible for such management measures to last given the toll they were taking on the economy and social activities, and there was no reason to continue these measures when the Omicron variant of the virus has strong transmissibility but weak pathogenicity and a much lower fatality rate.But what local authorities should be reminded of is the fact that this shift of policy does not mean reduced responsibility on their part for the management of the epidemic, but rather a change of focus.They will have to do an even better ...

Some Western critics never tire of their efforts to smear China

The first batch of Chinese-donated COVID-19 vaccine doses are unloaded from a plane at Robert Mugabe International Airport in Harare, Zimbabwe on Feb 15, 2021. [Photo/Xinhua] When China introduced strict COVID-19 pandemic prevention and control policies three years ago, Western critics called the

Danger of another powder keg in Europe igniting

AgeneralviewofthebordercrossingbetweenKosovoandSerbiainJarinje,Kosovo,Sept1,2022。

US must stop moving further down wrong path of manipulating Taiwan question

BEIJING, Dec. 27 (Xinhua) -- US President Joe Biden last week signed into law the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023. This piece of act contains quite many provisions that seek to stigmatize China. More alarmingly, it sends gravely wrong messages to separatist forces in Taiwan, and is widely perceived as a further step of Washington to suppress Beijing with the Taiwan question.(File photo: Xinhua) As a US domestic legislation, the act should have focused on its own affairs rather than interfere with other countries in disregard of international law. However, it has peddled the "China threat" narrative based on twisted facts, meddling in Chinas internal affairs, particularly in the Taiwan question.The bill claimed to authorize 10 billion US dollars in security assistance and 2 billion dollar in military loans to Taiwan over the next five years and fast-track arms sales to the island. Behind these moves to fund and weaponize the Taiwan separatists is Washingtons ulterior motive to provoke confrontation and wreak havoc on peace and stability across the Taiwan Straits.In terms of the Taiwan question, the United States has long lost its international credibility since it flagrantly broke international law and political commitments.From the Shanghai Communique in 1972, to the China-US Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations in 1978, and to the August 17 Communique in 1982, the United States has put a clear commitment down in black and white that there is but one China in the world, that Taiwan is part of China, and that the Government of the Peoples Republic of China is the sole legal government of China.In the August 17 Communique, the US government stated that it does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan; that its arms sales to Taiwan will not exceed, either in qualitative or in quantitative terms, the level of those supplied in recent years since the establishment of diploma...

International aviation to take off again

Beijing Daxing International Airport on Nov 19, 2022. (Photo: VCG)On Monday the National Health Commission announced that the novel coronavirus pneumonia is renamed as novel coronavirus infection, and that China will downgrade management of the disease from Class A to Class B in accordance with the Law on Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Disease, starting from Jan 8.On Tuesday, the State Council joint prevention and control mechanism against COVID-19 announced that passengers traveling to China need to take nucleic acid test within 48 hours before boarding their flights to China, but nucleic acid screenings and centralized isolation after arrival will be canceled.The new rules suggest the international aviation industry can expect to be on the road to recovery soon.The circuit breaker mechanism has been in place for almost two and a half years, as the government initiated the move on June 8, 2020, to restrict the number of inbound flights. Based on data from DAST, an online travel agency, due to the circuit breaker policy, international passenger traffic to China dropped to a gloomily low level with less than 1,100 inbound flights a month at the most (equivalent to less than 37 inbound flights per day). Also, 1,963 inbound flights were suspended temporarily from June 2020 to July 2022.Worse, up to 1,247 inbound flights were suspended or restricted in 2022 (by the end of July), accounting for about 63.5 percent of the total inbound flights suspended or restricted during the pandemic. As the above data show, Chinas civil aviation market has been down for several years due to flight suspensions and/or restrictions.But since new rules to optimize the prevention and control measures since early November, many airlines, both domestic and foreign, are working out new flight schedules in order to cash in on the “opening-up” of Chinas aviation market again. As for the Civil Aviation Administration of China, it will implement its 2022-23 winter-spring season...

Zero tolerance shown toward interference in internal affairs

Chinese and US flags flutter outside the building of an American company in Beijing, Jan 21, 2021. Photo/Agencies In response to the sanctions the United States imposed on two Chinese officials on the grounds of so-called human rights issues in Tibet, the Chinese Foreign Ministry announced on Frid

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