As China is now in the homestretch of completing the building of a “moderately prosperous (also known as ‘Xiaokang’ in Chinese) society in all respects”, the term has become a buzzword in recent years.
According to the full text of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee's development proposals made public on Nov. 3, China has attained "decisive achievements" in securing a victory in building a "Xiaokang" society in all respects.
The concept of “Xiaokang” took root about 2,500 years ago. It was first recorded in Shi Jing (The Book of Poetry), China's earliest collection of poems and songs. It represented ancient Chinese people's longing for a peaceful and happy life.
In 1979, the Chinese leadership made "Xiaokang" a goal of the country's modernization strategy. Amid the economic takeoff, the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012 put forward the goal of "completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects" in 2020.
In an explanatory speech on the development proposals on Nov. 3, Chinese President Xi Jinping said China can achieve the goal to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects on schedule.
He added that the CPC Central Committee will carry out systematic assessment and review of the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects in the first half of 2021 before officially announcing the achievement of moderate prosperity throughout the society.
With "a victory in sight" for accomplishing the goal, People’s Daily has launched a six part series on China’s achievements via one-minute data animation in the past decades, as “Xiaokang” goes beyond economic strength to include advancements in technology and education, quality of life, cultural flourishing, the rule of law and social harmony, among others.
The first episode focuses on China's economic achievements in the process of building a “Xiaokang” society.
Over the past 70 years, millions of Chinese people have moved from the countryside to the city. By 2020, China's urban population represented over 60 percent of the total.
This has created favorable conditions for the coordinated development of the agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors. In 2019, the value created by the service sector accounted for 53.9 percent of China's GDP.
The increasing productivity has put the economy on a fast track. China's per capita GDP exceeded $10,000 in 2019, further consolidating its status as the second largest economy.
With the rapid growth of urbanization, the coordinated development of China's three major industries, China’s economy stands at a new starting point.
(Produced by Wang Xiangyu, Ni Tao, He Jieqiong, Zhan Huilan, Qiao Wai, Wang Zi, Shan Xin, Zhao Dantong, Han Xiaomeng, Liu Zhen, Li Hongwei and Li Xinhui)