As China is now in the homestretch of completing the building of a "moderately prosperous (also known as 'Xiaokang' in Chinese) society in all respects", the term has become a buzzword in recent years.
According to the full text of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee's development proposals made public on Nov. 3, China has attained "decisive achievements" in securing a victory in building a "Xiaokang" society in all respects.
The concept of "Xiaokang" took root about 2,500 years ago. It was first recorded in Shi Jing (The Book of Poetry), China's earliest collection of poems and songs. It represented ancient Chinese people's longing for a peaceful and happy life.
In 1979, the Chinese leadership made "Xiaokang" a goal of the country's modernization strategy. Amid the economic takeoff, the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012 put forward the goal of "completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects" in 2020.
In an explanatory speech on the development proposals on Nov. 3, Chinese President Xi Jinping said China can achieve the goal to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects on schedule.
He added that the CPC Central Committee will carry out systematic assessment and review of the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects in the first half of 2021 before officially announcing the achievement of moderate prosperity throughout the society.
With "a victory in sight" for accomplishing the goal, People's Daily has launched a six part series on China’s achievements via one-minute data animation in the past decades, as Xiaokang” goes beyond economic strength to include advancements in technology and education, quality of life, cultural flourishing, the rule of law and social harmony, among others.
The third episode focuses on the achievements of China's quality of life in the process of building a "Xiaokang" society.
Per capita disposable income in China exceeded 30,000 yuan (about $4,300) for the first time last year, with purchasing power increasing more than 20-fold since 1978.
People have been earning and spending more on transportation, education, health care, food and shopping.
The urban population has gradually moved into larger homes.
The average urban floor space per person stood at 420 square feet in 2018.
Chinese per capita consumer spending in 2019 exceeded $3,100. There has been a rise in consumption aside from daily necessities.
The quality of life in a "Xiaokang" society improves significantly.
(Produced by Wang Zi, Ni Tao, He Jieqiong, Wang Xiangyu, Zhan Huilan, Qiao Wai, Shan Xin, Zhao Dantong, Han Xiaomeng, Liu Zhen, Li Hongwei and Li Xinhui)