The United Nations says it needs more than $9 billion to fund its humanitarian work in sub-Saharan Africa next year as the twin challenges of conflict and climate change continue to wreak havoc with people's lives.
Video source: VCG
It's an increase from 2018. The UN says humanitarian crises are lasting longer and affecting more people than before
The UN has humanitarian response plans in place for 11 sub-Saharan countries ranging in size from $106 million to $1.65 billion. And it said humanitarian needs will likely remain exceptionally high in four nations - the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nigeria, South Sudan and Ethiopia.
In the DRC, the UN said persistent conflicts had caused a decline in agricultural activity, leaving a predicted 12.8 million people facing food insecurity. That situation is worsened by the persistence of cholera and an Ebola outbreak.
Despite being, by many measures, the richest country on the continent, many Nigerians have suffered due to the conflict with Boko Haram and other insurgent groups in the northeast.
The UN said 7.1 million will need assistance in the country's three northeastern states and added that general elections in February increase the risk of violence.
A revitalized peace process offers hopes for a brighter future in South Sudan, but five years of conflict have taken their toll.
Nearly half of the population is expected to experience food insecurity at the start of next year.
Millions also require food assistance in Ethiopia following two consecutive years of drought.