Photo: Pedestrians walk past an electronic quotation board displaying share prices of the Nikkei 225 Index (R, top) and other Asian markets in Tokyo on March 5, 2020. /AFP
Equity markets collapsed Monday as the rapidly spreading coronavirus fans fears over the global economy, while a crash in oil prices added to the panic with energy firms taking a hammering and wiping hundreds of billions off valuations.
As the deadly disease claims more lives around the world, dealers are fleeing out of riskier assets and into safe havens, sending gold and the yen surging and pushing US Treasury yields to new record lows.
While governments and central banks have unleashed or prepared to roll out stimulus measures, the spread of COVID-19 is putting a huge strain on economies and stoking concerns of a worldwide recession.
Trading floors were a sea of red, with Tokyo and Manila plunging more than five percent, while Hong Kong dived 3.6 percent. Sydney shed 7.3 percent.
Mumbai, Taipei, Singapore, Seoul, Jakarta and Wellington were more than three percent down, Shanghai shed 2.5 percent and Bangkok gave up 6.8 percent. The losses tracked sharp falls in Europe and Wall Street on Friday.
Driving the declines was a ferocious sell-off in the oil markets, sparked by top exporter Saudi Arabia slashing prices -- in some cases to unprecedented levels -- after a bust-up with Russia over production.
Both main oil contracts -- which had already been under pressure over falling demand caused by the virus -- dived around 30 percent, marking the worst drop since the 1991 Gulf War and the second biggest fall on record, according to Bloomberg News.
Saudi Arabia launched an all-out oil war Sunday with the biggest cut in its prices in the past 20 years, Bloomberg News reported, after OPEC and its allies failed to clinch a deal to reduce output.
A meeting of main producers was expected to agree to deeper cuts to counter the impact of the coronavirus -- but Moscow refused to tighten supply.
In response, Riyadh slashed its price for April delivery by $4-$6 a barrel to Asia and $7 to the United States.
Russia's decision not to comply had already battered prices and there are warnings they could continue to drive lower towards $20 if the two sides do not reach an agreement.
"Something like this could have more global repercussions than a trade war between China and the US because oil touches so many things in the world economy," said Rohitesh Dhawan, director of energy, climate and resources at Eurasia Group in London.
- Energy firms hammered-
Jeffrey Halley, senior market analyst at OANDA, said: "Saudi Arabia seems intent on punishing Russia.
"Oil prices... will likely be capped over the next few months as coronavirus stalls economic growth, and Saudi Arabia opens the pumps and offers huge discounts on its crude grades."
Energy firms were slammed, with Hong Kong-listed CNOOC tumbling 17 percent and PetroChina down nine percent, while in Tokyo, Inpex dived 13 percent. In Sydney, Santos dived 30 percent and Woodside Petroleum tanked 18.4 percent, while BHP was more than 14 percent down.
"Plummeting oil prices and spreading coronavirus are fanning fears of downside risks to the global economy," said Takuya Kanda, at Gaitame.com Research Institute.
Foreign exchange markets were also extremely volatile, with traders snapping up the yen -- seen as a hedge against global instability -- and selling off the dollar owing to uncertainty over the coronavirus in the United States.
Marito Ueda, senior trader at FX Prime, told AFP: "Fears over the virus's impact on the global economy and a plummet in US yields had investors seeking the safe-haven yen."
"It is essentially a flight from the dollar," he added.
The greenback fell below 103 yen, levels not seen since the third quarter of 2016.
Currencies of countries that rely on oil cash were among the worst hit, with Russia's ruble almost six percent lower, Australia's dollar diving five percent at one point and Mexico's peso also down five percent.
Analysts warned of further gyrations as the outbreak shows no sign of abating, with more than 100,000 people infected in scores of countries.
Italy, which is now the hardest hit country outside China, has put a quarter of its population in lockdown, while sporting and public events around the world have been cancelled.
"You just don't know which way things are going to go, it makes it very hard to price anything right now," said Sarah Hunter, chief economist for BIS Oxford Economics, on Bloomberg TV.
"We're seeing that in the market with the wild oscillations that are coming through."
- key figures around 0610 GMT -
Brent Crude: DOWN 28.6 percent at $32.33 per barrel
West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 31.7 percent at $28.15
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 5.1 percent at 19,698.76 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: DOWN 3.6 percent at 25,198.01
Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 2.5 percent at 2,959.59
Sydney - S&P/ASX 200: DOWN 7.3 percent at 5,760.60
Gold: UP 1.7 percent at $1,702 per ounce
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 102.56 yen from 105.40 yen at 2200 GMT Friday
Euro/dollar: UP at $1.1397 from $1.1298
Pound/dollar: UP at $1.3055 from $1.3051
Euro/pound: UP at 87.31 pence from 86.58 pence
New York - Dow: DOWN 1.0 percent at 25,864.78 (close)
London - FTSE 100: DOWN 3.6 percent at 6,462.55 (close)