Demonstrators gather near Gare de l'Est to start the protest as part of a national general strike in Paris, December 5, 2019. (Photo: VCG)
The French government said it would see through planned pension reforms but tried to assuage union anger with promises of a gradual introduction of the new system that has sparked nationwide strike beginning from Thursday.
Transport systems were paralyzed for a fourth day on Sunday as unions at state railway SNCF and Paris public transport system RATP extended their strike against the changes.
"I am determined to take this pension reform to its completion," said Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, adding that "If we do not implement a thorough, serious and progressive reform today, someone else will do one tomorrow, but really brutally."
At present, France has 42 retirement systems that apply to various professions and can include specific provisions, like early retirement for train workers and rail workers.
On Wednesday, Philippe will present a detailed outline of the reform, which aims to end special regulations under which some workers can retire in their early fifties and replace them with a unified system with equal rights for everyone.
What ministers say
Ahead of a meeting of ministers on Sunday afternoon, several cabinet members offered to soften the reforms.
"I want the state budget to be balanced, but let's not be dogmatic ... the calendar is open to discussion," said Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire, adding that "We do not want the slope to be too steep for those concerned by the reforms."
Discussion is focusing on which age groups will be impacted by the reform. In July, a report about French pensions showed that it would affect people born in 1963 or later.
In recent days, French media have reported that this could be pushed back a several years.
Deputy Environment Minister Emmanuelle Wargon said the government would be flexible. "We may differentiate how each special pension system converges with the new system under different deadlines and terms," she said.
She said people's pension rights would be calculated proportionally based on how much time they had worked under the new and old systems. The new system "will be rather positive for a significant part of French citizens," she said.
A second demonstration on Tuesday
Hardline CGT union leader Philippe Martinez said it would fight until the government completely dropped the plan.
France has one of the most generous pension systems among the industrialized nations in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), but the system has major budget shortfalls and Macron's 2017 election platform included a pledge for thorough reform.
Unions plan a second demonstration on Tuesday, after Thursday's first protest attracted 65,000 people in Paris and 806,000 nationwide, according to police figures.