Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi (center) participates in a mass yoga session along with other practitioners to mark International Yoga Day at the Forest Research Institute in Dehradun, India on Thursday. (Photo: AFP)
Downward-facing dogs, cobras and warriors sprouted all over Asia on Thursday, including high in the Himalayas, up in the air and under the sea, for International Yoga Day.
People there gathered at a sprawling forest research institute - snakes and monkeys were removed in advance - as far as the eye could see before dawn for the communal session involving the yoga-mad premier, an AFP reporter at the scene said.
"Instead of dividing, Yoga unites. Instead of further animosity, Yoga assimilates. Instead of increasing suffering, Yoga heals," Modi said on Twitter.
Other gatherings took place across New Delhi with 10,000 enthusiasts registered, as well as more than 5,000 events across India - the birthplace of yoga - including in Ahmedabad, Mumbai and Patna.
In the capital city, several hundred braved unhealthy pollution levels and hot and humid weather to lay out their mats in the Lodi Gardens park amid the Mughal tombs.
"Yoga basically comes from India, and now it's celebrated all over the world. So now the world knows the power of yoga," participant Sidharth Singh, 23, told AFP.
The largest gathering was in Mysore, in India's south, with more than 60,000 aficionados strutting their stuff, event organizers said.
There was also floating yoga onboard the Japanese naval ship JS Ise and on the Indian Navy's INS Sahyadri, both of which took part in military exercises in the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Navy said.
Below the surface, photos released by the Indian military showed a submarine crew joining in, while the Air Force tweeted photos of skydiving parachute instructors in yoga poses as they tumbled down to Earth.
Even higher though were members of border police, going through their moves on a bleak and freezing Himalayan desert plateau 5,500 meters above sea level.
Artist Sudarsan Pattnaik, meanwhile, created a special sand sculpture with the message "Yoga for Peace and Harmony" on a beach in the eastern city of Puri.
It featured Modi, US President Donald Trump and several other country leaders in the lotus position.
In Tokyo, around 80 people - mainly in their 60s and 70s - took part in a special yoga session at Zojoji Temple, the two-story red shrine in the shadow of Tokyo Tower.
Some 300 yogis stretched out on colorful mats for a dawn practice in a park in Myanmar's largest city, Yangon, with the glittering Shwedagon Pagoda as an apt backdrop.
Interest in yoga has surged in Myanmar over the past decade, as the country's growing middle class catches up with global trends once kept out under isolated military rule.
"Now yoga is popular around the country," yoga teacher Khin Mg Swe, 69, who organized the event, told AFP.
Other events were scheduled around the world for later on, including in Kilkenny, Ireland, in Milan, Italy and in Times Square, New York City, the US.
Other cities, however, held their yoga day earlier than June 21 - the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere - including in Paris, France, Seoul, South Korea and Durban, South Africa last weekend.
'Not to worry'
Modi is keen on portraying his physical prowess, posting on Twitter last week his morning yoga routine involving plodding around a tree and flexing over a boulder.
He has also spearheaded an initiative to reclaim the discipline as a historic part of Indian culture since his Hindu nationalist government came to power in 2014.
Yoga has boomed in recent decades, with millions - perhaps up to 300 million - practicing it regularly, although in the West it is often related more to gymnastics rather than a spiritual activity.
But this doesn't bother the spiritual head of the biggest ashram, or retreat, in Rishikesh, the Indian city on the banks of the holy Ganges river that is considered to be the world's yoga capital.
"At least people are doing it. One day you walk the path, the next day you find the truth also," Swami Chidanand Saraswati told AFP.
"As the Sun is for all, the Moon is for all, rivers are for all, in the same way yoga is for all," he said. "Not to worry!"