Employees in scrubs walk on the campus at Providence Regional Medical Center in Everett, Washington, US, Jan 21, 2020. (Photo: China Daily)
The steep cuts to global health funds proposed in the Trump administration's 2021 budget could undermine global efforts to fight future epidemics but will likely be rejected by Congress, several experts and US lawmakers said.
US President Donald Trump unveiled a $4.8 trillion election-year budget plan Monday that reflects his administration's priorities in spending negotiations for fiscal year 2021, which runs from October 2020 through September 2021.
Under the proposed budget, US funding for global health programs would drop to $6 billion in fiscal year 2021 from the $9.1 billion Congress allocated in fiscal year 2020.
The proposal would also cut funding to the World Health Organization (WHO) by 53 percent, according to US media reports.
The announced budget cuts come at a time when global health systems are on high alert as they respond to the COVID-19 threat, which has infected more than 42,600 people worldwide and killed at least 1,000, mostly in China. The WHO has sent an expert team to China to collaborate with local experts to tackle the viral outbreak.
There are 13 confirmed cases of the novel coronavirus in the US so far.
"I certainly don't agree that this is the time for a budget cut on global health programs," said Jennifer Bouey, a senior policy researcher with RAND Corp, to China Daily on Tuesday.
The US Global Leadership Coalition also said that as the coronavirus continues to surge, it's "pretty incomprehensible" to consider cutting 34 percent from America's global health programs.
"A disease threat anywhere is a disease threat everywhere," it said on Twitter. "Check out this graphic — pretty clear why Congress will reject the Administration's global health budget proposal! Because it's bad for America," Liz Schrayer, president and CEO of the nonprofit organization, tweeted with a graphic reflecting the US global health program funding in recent years.
The proposed budget is expected to face rejection by the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives and by Democrats in the Senate.
"Everyone knows the latest Trump budget is dead on arrival in Congress," Sheldon Whitehouse, a Democrat on the Senate Budget Committee, said on Monday.
"It's hard to comprehend. Their response to Coronavirus is to literally RAMP DOWN efforts to fight Coronavirus. A 34% cut would mean massive layoffs of the people who are trying to stop pandemic diseases from hitting the US," tweeted Chris Murphy, a Democratic US senator, commenting on the proposed budget cuts.
Cal Jillson, a political scientist and historian at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, said Congress usually finalizes the budget with "only passing reference" to what the president has proposed.
"So the president's budget proposal must be seen as a rhetorical and political document, even a campaign document, rather than as a real statement of US budget policy for 2021," Jillson told China Daily.
As Congress reshapes the president's budget proposal, especially with the COVID-19 outbreak on its minds, US funding for the WHO will likely remain unchanged, or, if cut, it will be cut by a much smaller amount than Trump proposed, he said.
Jillson noted that Republican presidents frequently propose cutting foreign aid, but Democrats and some Republicans in Congress always resist, adding that if cuts are made they will be modest.
Douglas H. Paal, an Asia expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said the 2021 budget is a political statement designed to appeal to Trump's base, not a serious legislative proposal.
"It does not make sense, and Congress will not treat this draft budget seriously. It will continue funding," Paal said.