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AI to contribute nearly 16 trillion USD to global economy by 2030: expert

SHANGHAI, July 9 (Xinhua) -- Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to contribute nearly 16 trillion U.S. dollars to the global economy by 2030, said John Hoffman, CEO of GSMA Ltd.File photo: CGTNWhile making a speech at the online summit of the 2020 World Artificial Intelligence Conference that opened Thursday, Hoffman said that AI is expected to boost local economies by up to 26 percent by 2030. GSMA is an international association in the mobile industry and GSMA Ltd. is its wholly-owned subsidiary."The world sees that China is investing heavily in AI, and aiming to connect and upgrade the entire Chinese industry by 2025," said Hoffman.He said China has more data or connected users than any other country, and AI gets better and more accurate with more data.Hoffman noted that China also benefits from a high adoption of new applications, and the population size means more AI-use cases which can then be tested and tweaked in short cycles, thanks to varied market expectations.In addition to established players such as Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent, there is also a flourishing AI start-up ecosystem with capital from both the state and private sectors, he said.

Musk says Tesla close to developing fully autonomous car

Tesla founder Elon Musk said Thursday that the worlds recently crowned most valuable auto company could achieve a fully autonomous car by the end of 2020.In this file photo Elon Musk, founder of SpaceX, speaks during the Satellite 2020 at the Washington Convention Center March 9, 2020, in Washington, DC. (Photo: AFP)Musk, who has made premature predictions about the advent of completely autonomous cars before, offered the updated timetable in a pre-recorded message to a Shanghai tech fair."Im extremely confident that Level 5, or essentially complete autonomy, will happen, and I think will happen very quickly," Musk said."I remain confident that we will have the basic functionality... complete this year."In years past, Musk had said Tesla may develop the technology for a completely autonomous vehicle by 2018, and then last year he said it may come by early 2020.The California-based electric carmaker became the worlds most valuable auto manufacturer earlier this month and its shares have soared this year thanks to strong outputfigures despite disruptions from the coronavirus epidemic.The complexity and autonomy of self-driving car technology is classified up to "Level 5". Lower levels feature some combination of autonomous decision-making by the vehicle, along with as-needed human intervention.But Level 5 denotes a car that requires no human intervention at any time, allowing the passenger to sleep or watch a movie while the car handles all navigation as well as adjustments to avoid collisions.Tesla already enables partial autonomy for its cars, but analysts say the road to full autonomy faces considerable legal and regulatory hurdles, not to mention getting consumers to feel comfortable entrusting their cars with full control.Tesla is racing with Waymo, Uber and traditional automakers to bring autonomous vehicles to market.

NASA adds more safety fixes for Boeing's crew capsule

Boeing, NASA, and U.S. Army personnel work around the Boeing Starliner spacecraft shortly after it landed in White Sands, N.M., July 7, 2020. (Photo: AP)NASA has added more safety fixes for Boeings space capsule before it can fly astronauts following a pair of close calls during last years test flight.In closing out the seven-month investigation, NASA officials said Tuesday they have now identified 80 corrective actions, mostly involving software and testing, that must be done before the Starliner capsule launches again. The previous count was 61."Its a bit of a wake-up call for NASA and its contractors" across the board, said Steve Stich, manager of NASAs commercial crew program.During its space debut last December with no one on board, the Starliner ended up in the wrong orbit and could not reach the International Space Station (ISS). Ground controllers barely had time to solve another software problem that could have destroyed the capsule at flights end.Boeing will repeat the flight later this year before attempting to launch astronauts next spring.SpaceX, meanwhile, successfully launched two NASA astronauts to the space station in May. They will return home next month aboard their Dragon capsule, splashing down off the Florida coast.In hindsight, NASA did not focus enough on the software portion of the Boeing flight, Stich said. The space agency instead probably concentrated more on SpaceX because of its non-traditional approach to software development, he acknowledged.Boeing had plenty of experience working on large NASA projects like the space shuttle and space station, and so NASA was "a little more used to the Boeing process," Stich said."Its often natural for a human being to spend more time on that newer approach, and maybe we didnt quite take the time we needed with the more traditional approach," he added.NASA has since added more of its own staff to monitor software development at both Boe...

Chinese envoy deposits instrument of accession to arms trade treaty to UN chief

A Chinese-made military drone is displayed at the Kazakhstan Defense Exhibition in Astana (Nur-Sultan), Kazakhstan, May 23, 2018. (Photo: Xinhua)Zhang Jun, Chinas permanent representative to the United Nations, on Monday deposited the instrument of accession to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) of the Peoples Republic of China to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.After depositing the instrument of accession, Zhang said that the Chinese government "attaches high importance to the problems caused by illicit transfer and abuse of conventional arms. China supports the purposes and goals of the treaty and agrees on taking necessary measures to regulate international arms trade and combat illicit arms transfer."Meanwhile, China always strictly regulates export of military articles, "with policies and management measures meeting or in some areas even exceeding ATT requirements." It is worth pointing out that China only allows export to sovereign states, not non-state actors. This fully demonstrates its high sense of responsibility. China calls on all parties to strictly regulate export of military items, disallow export to non-state actors and stop interfering in sovereign states internal affairs through arms export, he said.The envoy noted that accession to the ATT is another important step in Chinas active participation in global arms trade governance to safeguard international and regional peace and stability. "It demonstrates Chinas resolve and sincerity in maintaining international arms control regime, supporting multilateralism, and forging a community with a shared future for mankind. It will further enhance the treatys universality and contribute to global security governance and international arms control process."U.S. refuses to ratify ATTThe Arms Trade Treaty, which aims at regulating the trade of conventional arms and cracking down on illicit arms transfers, was adopted by the UN General Assembly o...

Chinese COVID-19 vaccine approved to enter Phase III clinical trial in Brazil

A staff member displays samples of the COVID-19 inactivated vaccine at Sinovac Biotech Ltd., in Beijing, capital of China, March 16, 2020. (Photo: Xinhua)Beijing-based Sinovac Life Sciences Co announced on Monday that its COVID-19 vaccine collaboration with Brazilian immunobiologic producer Instituto Butantan has received approval from the Brazilian regulator for phase III clinical trials.The Brazilian National Regulatory Agency, Anvisa, granted approval to a phase III clinical trial sponsored by Instituto Butantan on Friday to test the efficacy and safety of the inactivated COVID-19 vaccine developed by Sinovac Life Sciences Co in Brazil. This trial aims to be a pivotal study to support the licensing of the product, according to an official statement the company sent to the Global Times.The trial will recruit nearly 9,000 healthcare professionals to work in COVID-19 specialized facilities in 12 clinical sites in several states in Brazil. The recruitment is scheduled to start this month after ethical approval is obtained from each clinical site.The study will be a double-blind placebo-controlled trial with participants randomly allocated a 1:1 ratio of placebo and vaccine, according to the announcement from Instituto Butantan on Thursday.The immunization schedule is two doses of intramuscular injections (deltoid) with a 14-day interval, it said.For efficacy, the study aims to detect COVID-19 cases, defined as symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections, after the second week post-immunization schedule.For safety and immunogenicity, participants are categorized in two age groups, adults (18-59 years) and elderly (60 years and above). All participants will be followed for up to 12 months.Anvisa reviewed the detailed manufacturing information, the results of the previous two clinical trials of the vaccine candidate, and late-stage trial protocols developed by Instituto Butantan. It took only about two weeks for the agency to fast-track the application due to the public health em...

COVID-19 may not have originated in China, existed in environment for many decades

Screenshot of the report by The Telegraph. (Photo: CGTN)The SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 may not have originated in China but could have been thriving in a dormant stage in the environment for decades, according to researchers.While a British epidemiologist found the virus prevalent in many parts of world before the pandemic, another study traced a part of the virus gene in existence for thousands of years.A combination of conditions led to its viral spread, reported The Telegraph on Sunday, citing a British epidemiologist."I think the virus was already here, here meaning everywhere. We may be seeing a dormant virus that has been activated by environmental conditions," said Dr. Tom Jefferson, an honorary senior research fellow at the Center for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM), University of Oxford.The agents dont come or go anywhere, said Jefferson. "They are always here and something ignites them, maybe human density or environmental conditions."He pointed out that the growing evidence had suggested that "the virus was elsewhere before it emerged in Asia," mentioning the increasing detection of the virus in sewage across the globe.Another research found a part of the coronavirus gene developed around 60,000 years ago during the existence of Neanderthals, wrote a new study which is yet to be published. The virus developed in later years and could be found in the genes of people in many countries.New transmission routesMoreover, Brazil lately reported finding the novel coronavirus in the sewage samples from last November in Florianopolis.Previously, Spanish researchers detected the coronavirus in samples taken from wastewater collected in Barcelona in March 2019, and their counterparts in Italy also found traces of the virus in the sewage of Milan and Turin last December.The traces of coronavirus were tracked months earlier than officially reported.Also, as clusters of the virus developed in food factories and meat packaging...

Huawei open to discussions after UK reportedly set to phase it out of 5G network

A Huawei store stands next to a Globe Telecom booth in Makati City, the Philippines on April 14, 2019.Chinese tech giant Huawei said it "remains open to discussions with the government" and is "finding ways with customers to manage the proposed US restrictions so the UK can maintain its lead in 5G,"

China launches satellite for space environment study

JIUQUAN, July 5 (Xinhua) -- China successfully sent a satellite for space environment study and related technology experiments into the planned orbit from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China on Sunday.The satellite, the second of the Shiyan-6 series, was launched by a Long March-2D carrier rocket at 7:44 a.m. (Beijing Time), according to the center.Sundays launch was the 338th by the Long March rocket series.(Video source: Peoples Daily app, script by Xinhua)

Beidou's last navigation satellite arrives in orbit 36,000 km above Earth

The final satellite of the Beidou Navigation Satellite System is launched and sent into orbit by a Long March 3B carrier rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan province on Tuesday. [Photo by Yin Gang/For China Daily] .The Xi'an Satellite Control Center in Shaanxi province said in a

China launches high-resolution remote-sensing satellite

Photos: provided to Peoples DailyTAIYUAN, July 3 (Xinhua) -- China successfully sent a high-resolution multi-mode imaging satellite into the planned orbit from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in north Chinas Shanxi Province Friday.The satellite was launched by a Long March-4B carrier rocket at 11:10 a.m. (Beijing Time), according to the China National Space Administration.Fridays launch was the 337th by the Long March rocket series.

China's last BDS satellite enters long-term operation mode

A carrier rocket carrying the last satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) blasts off from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest Chinas Sichuan province, June 23, 2020. (Photo: Xinhua)The newly-launched last satellite of Chinas BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) successfully entered the long-term operation mode on July 1, announced the Xian Satellite Control Center.It marked that all 30 satellites of the BDS-3 system have been operating in the long-term mode, a major step forward for BDS to provide full services to the world, said the center.The last satellite of the BDS was launched on June 23. After flying for nearly eight days, it successfully entered the final orbit, which is 36,000 km above Earth, on June 30.The center is now conducting the final tests before the satellite could be connected with the BDS-3 system and provide services.The BDS-3 system started to offer basic navigation services to countries and regions along the Belt and Road as well as the world in December 2018.China started to explore the idea of building a navigation satellite system suited to its national conditions in the 1980s, laying down a three-step strategy. The steps led to the construction of BDS-1, BDS-2 and BDS-3, respectively.Accumulating years of experience in managing the BDS satellites, the center has improved its capacity of detecting and handling satellite faults.It has also developed a software for automatic remote control to make satellite management more convenient, scientific and efficient.It has conducted orbit control on multiple BDS-2 satellites to ensure the orbital positions of the BDS-3 satellites, without affecting BDS users.The BDS system has been widely used in transportation, agriculture, forestry and fishery, hydrological monitoring, weather forecasts, communication time unification, power dispatching, disaster relief and mitigation, public security and other fields.

Intel to resume supply to Inspur in two weeks

Employees of Inspur Information work on a server production line of the company in Jinan, Shandong province. (Photo: Xinhua)Shenzhen-listed Inspur Information said that US chip giant Intel Corp would resume component shipments to the company in about two weeks after a temporary stoppage and said its business operations currently run as normal.The companys comments came after Intel said it had temporarily paused shipments to Inspur to comply with the US governments new export regulations.Intel said in a statement that the move is temporary and would last less than two weeks for some items, while other product shipments will resume in a matter of days. It said it will resume shipments as soon as it can do so while ensuring compliance with US laws.Inspur is the largest server maker in China. It accounted for 37.6 percent of Chinas server market and 9.6 percent of the global server market in the first quarter of this year, according to data from market research company Gartner.Inspur was placed on a list of 20 Chinese firms with alleged military links by the US government on June 25, which prompted Intel to halt component shipments.Financial disclosure from Inspur Information shows that Intel is the companys largest supplier of chips. In 2019, Inspur spent more than 17.89 billion yuan ($2.53 billion) on purchasing components from Intel.Inspur Informations shares declined by 0.91 percent to 36.98 yuan on Thursday.Analysts said that if Intel resumes shipments to Inspur in about two weeks, it will not have a substantial impact on the latters business.Server makers have a tradition of stocking up core components. That is especially the case this year when the demand for cloud computing has been surging since the COVID-19 outbreak, said Xiang Ligang, director-general of the Information Consumption Alliance, a telecom industry advocacy.But the Inspur incident highlights once again that Chinese tech companies are facing increasing uncertainties in...

Boeing fails to inform FAA on key changes to 737 MAX flight control system: report

A Boeing 737 MAX aircraft lands following a FAA recertification flight at Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington, June 29, 2020.WASHINGTON -- A government report finds that Boeing failed to submit certification documents to the US Federal Aviation Administration detailing changes to a key flight cont

China's last BDS satellite enters final orbit

A carrier rocket carrying the last satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) blasts off from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest Chinas Sichuan Province, June 23, 2020. (File photo: Xinhua)The newly-launched last satellite of Chinas BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) has entered the geostationary earth orbit (GEO), according to the Xian Satellite Control Center Tuesday.The satellite, the 55th in the BeiDou family, was launched on June 23. After flying for nearly eight days, it successfully entered the final orbit, which is 36,000 km above Earth, the center said.The satellites payloads have been turned on and it is working normally in orbit, the center said.The center initiated round-the-clock monitoring after the launch, with multiple ground stations across the country tracking the satellite and making orbit-related calculations.Next week, the center will carry out tests on the satellites platform and its inter-satellite link system.After being tested comprehensively, the satellite will get connected with the BDS-3 system and provide services.The BDS-3 system started to offer basic navigation service to countries and regions along the Belt and Road as well as the world in December 2018.BDS is one of four global satellite navigation systems in the world. The other three are GPS of the United States, Galileo of the European Union, and GLONASS of Russia."We will apply the independently-developed evaluation system to monitor the in-orbit work conditions of the BDS satellites," said Zhang Hailong, senior engineer at the Xian Satellite Control Center.Next, they will establish a regular health examination and analysis mechanism for the satellites to ensure steady and smooth operation of the BDS system.Prior to the recent launch, the center had completed tests on the inter-satellite links of the BDS-3 system.The tests verified the systems stability and confirmed that its performance me...

Dreams take flight with homemade helicopter

Guo Wuchun working at the Zhuzhou CRRC Timly Forge Co in Zhuzhou, Hunan province. (Photos provided to China Daily)Building trains every day, Guo Wuchun in his 50s from Zhuzhou, Hunan province, was not satisfied. He wanted more. He wanted to reach for the sky. His dream was to build and fly a helicopter that he made. It finally came true after five years of research and development.Video footage showing Guos test flight in his coaxial helicopter has gone viral on Sina Weibo. It had been viewed more than 38 million times as of Monday. Many netizens call it an inspiring story that shows everything is possible as long as you dare to follow your dream and never give up."When I was a boy, I had dreamed of building a plane, but most people thought that it was an unobtainable dream for me, a middle school graduate," Guo says.But his education background didnt stop him from realizing his dream. Without formal education and training, Guo figured out helicopter design on his own.Working at the Zhuzhou CRRC Timly Forge Co has brought Guo a step closer and gave him the required craftsmanship. In the factory, he mastered skills such as gas-cutting and welding among others.Guo started his helicopter project in 2015.From the basics of helicopter aerodynamics to coaxial rotor systems, he has devoured the vast resources available in professional books and online. For the English materials that he cannot understand, he has asked friends to translate for him.He has been a frequent visitor to various auto shows to look for motors which may suit his helicopter.In his makeshift studio at his homes rooftop, he has collected scrap copper vehicle parts and other discarded metal for necessary components for his helicopter, which has been his "treasure". Piles of used tires and steel pipes have been stored in his studio.His first model was created in 2015, but it could not take off. Eventually, after numerous failed attempts and four models, Guo got himself i...

China's first COVID-19 mRNA vaccine starts phase I clinical trial

The first clinical trial of Chinas first COVID-19 mRNA vaccine is underway in east Chinas Hangzhou City. On Monday afternoon, volunteers received their first dose at Shulan Hospital.A volunteer receiving the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine. /CGTNThe project started enrolling volunteers on June 23, and plans to recruit 168 healthy individuals, half of them aged 18 to 59 years old and the other half aged at least 60 years, to evaluate the safety and tolerance of the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) mRNA vaccine.The hospital posted a recruiting announcement on its account on WeChat, a social media platform, on June 24.The inauguration of phase I clinical trial of Chinas first COVID-19 mRNA vaccine. /CGTNVolunteers will receive two doses of the vaccine, and dont need to be hospitalized during the trial period. Researchers can leave the research center after confirming the absence of any abnormality.Shulan Hospital staff they are still recruiting more volunteers.ARCoV, a novel coronavirus Messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccine candidate jointly developed by the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) Academy of Military Sciences, Suzhou Abogen Biosciences and Walvax Biotechnology Co., Ltd., was officially approved by the National Medical Products Administration for clinical trial on June 19.This is the first COVID-19 mRNA vaccine to have been approved for clinical trials in China.

China develops novel rabies vaccine

WUHAN, June 29 (Xinhua) -- A novel rabies vaccine for humans shows promise in preclinical testing, according to a new study published in the journal EBioMedicine.File photo by CFPThis live, attenuated vaccine candidate was developed and tested by scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology under the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Wuhan-based Huazhong Agricultural University.The research team constructed a novel chimeric virus, VEEV-RABV-G, through replacing the entire structural proteins of the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) with the rabies virus glycoprotein (RABV-G), as the single structural protein.According to the scientists, the VEEV has been widely used as a vaccine vector, or a carrier, for many infectious diseases. Different from previous constructs, VEEV-RABV-G in this study can self-propagate to high titers in cell culture, without help from any other structural proteins, said lead researcher Zhang Bo.The vaccine candidate was proved to be safe and effective in a mouse model. It could prompt an immune response at a relatively low dose, while causing much weaker inflammation, and fewer side effects, compared with commonly used rabies vaccines, according to the study.China has stepped up efforts in rabies prevention in recent years. The country has established goals to complete a nationwide dog vaccination registration program, and to achieve at least 90 percent vaccination coverage for the registered dogs by 2020, according to a national action plan issued by agriculture authorities in 2017.

China's C919 jet conducts high-temperature test flights in Xinjiang

URUMQI, June 29 -- China's indigenously-developed C919 large passenger aircraft has started high-temperature test flights in Turpan, a city known as the land of fire in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

China's lunar rover travels about 463 meters on moon's far side

BEIJING, June 28 (Xinhua) -- Chinas lunar rover Yutu-2, or Jade Rabbit-2, has moved 463.26 meters on the far side of the moon to conduct scientific exploration of the virgin territory.Lunar rover Yutu-2 continues to roll on the far side of the Moon as planned. (Photo: CNSA)Both the lander and the rover of the Change-4 probe have just ended their work for the 19th lunar day, and switched to the dormant mode for the lunar night due to lack of solar power, the Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center of the China National Space Administration said on Sunday.Chinas Change-4 probe, launched on Dec. 8, 2018, made its first-ever soft landing on the Von Karman Crater in the South Pole-Aitken Basin on the far side of the moon on Jan. 3, 2019.As a result of the tidal locking effect, the moons revolution cycle is the same as its rotation cycle, and the same side always faces the earth. A lunar day equals 14 days on Earth, and a lunar night is the same length.During the 19th lunar day, Yutu-2 examined a small crater about three meters southwest of the rover and obtained a new batch of scientific detection data.

New bullet train section connecting Hefei and Huzhou opens tomorrow

The new section of high-speed railway route linking Hefei, capital of East China's Anhui province, and Huzhou in East China's Zhejiang province will be put into operation on Sunday.A new section of high-speed railway route linking Hefei, capital of East China's Anhui province, and Huzhou in East Chi

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