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Lunar mission due by end of this year

Photo taken by the rover Yutu 2 (Jade Rabbit-2) on Jan 11, 2019 shows the lander of the Change 4 probe. (Photo: China National Space Administration)Change 5, the next mission in Chinas lunar exploration program, will demonstrate and test the countrys technological and engineering capabilities in space, according to a key figure in the project.Yu Dengyun, deputy chief designer of Chinas lunar exploration program, said on Sunday that Change 5 will be launched by a Long March 5 heavy-lift carrier rocket at the Wenchang Space Launch Center in Hainan province by the end of 2020.The 8.2-metric-ton robotic probe has four components-an orbiter, lander, ascender and re-entry module. After the probe reaches lunar orbit, the components will separate into two parts, with the orbiter and re-entry module remaining in orbit while the lander and ascender descend to the lunar surface.The lander and ascender will make a soft landing and then get to work on tasks such as using a drill to collect underground rocks and a mechanical arm to gather lunar soil.After the surface operations are completed, the ascenders rocket will lift it to lunar orbit to dock with the re-entry module. It will transfer lunar samples to the module, which will carry them back to Earth.Considering these highly sophisticated operations, Change 5 will be more difficult and challenging than previous Chinese lunar expeditions, Yu said."First of all, its most important task will be collecting lunar samples. The environment on the lunar surface, like the gravity there, is very different from that on Earth. So we must ensure that our technologies are functional and reliable during the collection and packing processes," the designer explained."The next challenge will be lifting the sample-carrying ascender from the moon. All of our launches so far were made from Earth, but the coming launch will take place on lunar soil and use the Change 5s lander as the...

Amgen drug shrinks tumors in lung cancer patients: study

AnexperimentalAmgenIncdrugthattargetsaspecificgeneticmutationshranktumorsin32percentofadvancedlungcancerpatientsand7percentofthosewithcoloncancer,accordingtodatafromanearly-stagetrialpresentedonSunday.。Themedianlengthoftimethatpatientsgiventhedrugsotorasiblivedbeforetheirdiseaseworsenedwas6.3monthsf

Most Chinese cautious about requests by apps for mobile phone data: survey

5 percent of respondents in a recent survey said they will be cautious in giving permission to mobile apps to access mobile phone sensors and data.About half of the respondents said they would carefully read the privacy policy popping up when opening an app for the first time or before updating it,

Major high-tech expo in west China opens

CHENGDU, Sept. 21 (Xinhua) -- The 8th China (Mianyang) Science and Technology City International High-Tech Expo commenced Monday in the city of Mianyang, southwest Chinas Sichuan Province.Photo: AgenciesThe four-day expo will see 582 high-tech companies and institutes, bringing products from the fields of electronic information, equipment manufacturing and artificial intelligence, among others.Besides, experts and industry leaders will exchange views on the latest development in scientific and technological innovation.Jointly sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Sichuan provincial government, the annual expo had drawn 5,000 exhibitors from more than 60 countries and regions in the first seven sessions when contractual deals worth more than 600 billion yuan (88.7 billion US dollars) were signed.

First ever gene edited pigs resistant to three major infectious diseases

In this photo handed out by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a pig model for Huntingtons disease is pictured at a laboratory in Guangzhou, south Chinas Guangdong Province, March 28, 2018. (Photo: Xinhua)Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) recently developed the world’s first breeding material that has made pigs resistant to three major infectious diseases through gene editing, while allowing pigs to maintain normal functions, People’s Daily reported on Monday.The gene editing technology, co-developed by the Institute of Animal Sciences of CAAS and universities from China and Canada, can prevent pigs from being infected by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, the porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus and the porcine delta coronavirus, according to media reports.Research results will be published online in the international journal of biology eLife.Chief expert of the research team Li Qui explained that various infectious diseases pose great threats to the pig industry, causing hundreds of billions of dollars in economic losses in 2019 alone.The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, also known as “blue ear disease,” targeted by the gene editing project, is one of the deadliest threats. It is highly contagious and can cause premature delivery, late abortion, stillbirth, weak fetuses in pregnant sows and other reproductive disorders, as well as respiratory diseases in piglets.The other two diseases curbed by the technology belong to the coronavirus family, and can lead to fatal diarrhea in piglets.Up until now, there has no effective way to prevent or control these diseases. Precise genome editing, however, could achieve that goal by deleting receptor genes that mediate virus invasion, therefore blocking the viruses’ entrance into the pig’s body.After years of observation, breeding, performance testing and slaughter experiments, it appears that normal reproduction and production performances of pigs are...

China launches HY-2C ocean observation satellite

File photo: ICChina successfully launched its HY-2C ocean-observation satellite into planned orbit on Monday afternoon via a Long March-4B carrier rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in North Chinas Shanxi Province.The HY-2C satellite, named after the Chinese word Haiyang for "ocean" and given the "HY" designation for short, is the country’s third ocean-observation satellite, and the second space-borne infrastructure satellite to provide ocean dynamics monitoring services, according to a space authority statement sent to the Global Times on Monday."The HY-2 satellites will play a key role in Chinas ocean resource surveys, disaster relief and environment management. The follow-up satellite network will better serve the world and Chinas maritime power strategy," said Jiang Xingwei, director of the National Ocean Satellite Application Center under the Ministry of Natural Resources.The HY-2C satellite will team up with the HY-2B, which was launched in October 2018, and subsequent Y-2D satellites to form a network for maritime environment monitoring, enabling China to carry out 24/7 all-weather high precision monitoring of maritime data including sea surface height, wave height as well as oceanic water color.The HY-2C satellite and the Long March-4B carrier rocket were developed by the state-owned space giant China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp, and China’s Ministry of Natural Resources is in charge of its operation.The Monday mission marked the 347th flight of the Long March launch vehicle family.

China's first Mars probe Tianwen-1 completes mid-course correction

File photo: CGTNChina’s Tianwen-1 Mars probe successfully completed its second mid-course correction as of 11 pm BJT on Sunday.Four 120N engines were simultaneously started and ran for 20 seconds, bringing it some 19 million kilometers away from Earth, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) said in a statement.So far, Tianwen-1 has been in orbit for 60 days and a flight distance of about 160 million kilometers. The probe is in good working condition, and the ground measurement and control communication centers and stations are tracking normally.Tianwen-1, China’s first Mars probe, made its first orbital correction on August 2, when the probe had traveled for approximately 230 hours, and was some 3 million kilometers away from Earth.Mid-course correction generally refers to the correction of the track deviation caused by various reasons during the flight of the probe. The accuracy of Tianwen-1’s launch into orbit and the first mid-course correction was very high, and only a few corrections were made this time, experts said.Tianwen-1 will have several mid-course corrections during the flight towards Mars, and will carry out scientific research on it when it lands.

China's first Mars probe Tianwen-1 completes mid-course correction

China’s Tianwen-1 Mars probe successfully completed its orbital correction for a second time as of 11:00 pm Sunday Beijing time, after 60 days into its journey to the Red Planet, Global Times learned from the China National Space Administration (CNSA) on Monday morning.So far, the spacecraft has travelled some 160 million kilometers, bringing it some 19 million kilometers away from Earth, CNSA said in a statement.Four 120N engines were simultaneously started and ran for 20 seconds to pull off the second orbital correction, which in return verifies the capability of the engines, CNSA said.The probe is in good working condition, and ground monitoring and communication stations are getting good tracks of the spacecraft.Tianwen-1, China’s first Mars probe, made its first orbital correction on August 2, when the probe had traveled for approximately 230 hours, and was some 3 million kilometers away from Earth.The mid-course correction is undertaken to ensure that the spacecraft sticks precisely to the designated and theoretical flight orbit and to correct track deviation caused by various factors.According to CNSA, the extent of the second correction is very small, as the launch and first correction work was extremely surgical.Zhang Rongqiao, chief architect of China’s Tianwen-1 Mars exploration program, told the media on Friday at the 2020 China Space Conference that the entire journey of the Tianwen-1 Mars probe will last approximately 202 days, and the probe will fly 474.4 million kilometers before reaching Mars.China successfully launched the probe via a Long March-5 carrier rocket from Wenchang Space Launch Center in South China’s Hainan Province on July 23.

China's Mars probe completes second orbital correction

File photo: CGTNBEIJING, Sept. 21 (Xinhua) -- Chinas Mars probe Tianwen-1 successfully carried out its second orbital correction Sunday, according to the China National Space Administration (CNSA).The probe conducted the orbital correction at 11 p.m. Sunday (Beijing Time) after four of its 120N engines worked for 20 seconds. The performance of the 120N engines was also tested in the operation.The probe has traveled about 60 days in orbit, and was about 19 million km away from the Earth. All systems of the probe were in good condition, said the CNSA.

Shanghai study finds recovered COVID-19 patients have persistent immune protection

The latest Shanghai-based study has found that the majority of recovered COVID-19 patients have persistent immune protection and vaccination may trigger a durable immune response.The results of the study were published in the Frontiers of Medicine, an international general medical journal sponsored

If you do not snooze you lose: sleep seen as essential for the brain

Scientistsareprovidingafullerunderstandingoftheessentialrolethatsleepplaysinbrainhealth,identifyinganabrupttransitionatabout2.4yearsofagewhenitsprimarypurposeshiftsfrombrainbuildingtomaintenanceandrepair.。ResearchersonFridaysaidtheyconductedastatisticalanalysisondatafrommorethan60sleepstudies.Theylo

Huawei teams up with CAS on technological development

The artificial intelligence processor Ascend 910 provided by a photo released from Huawei, August 23, 2019. (File photo: Xinhua)Executives from Huawei including founder Ren Zhengfei visited the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) recently to discuss fundamental research and core technology development with CAS experts and scholars, according to the Bureau of Science & Technology for Development under the CAS.The visit demonstrates Huaweis latest efforts to strengthen independent technology development in partnership with top Chinese research bodies such as CAS, following lessons learned from US technological blocks, experts said.During the visit, Ren stated that Huawei attaches great importance to its cooperation with CAS. He hopes CAS and Huawei can strengthen scientific exchanges with open attitudes, while exploring the frontiers of science and technology.CAS dean Bai Chunli also noted that the CAS has carried out "multiple-layer", "broad" and "pragmatic" cooperation with Huawei, with such teamwork having produced good results."Huawei is Chinas brand and pride. I hope Huawei and the CAS can cooperate closely, combining the innovation abilities of CAS and the resources of Huawei to explore frontier technologies," Bai said.Huawei has been increasing efforts to research independent technologies after finding itself in an awkward situation following the US order limiting the global supply of electronic components to the Shenzhen-based tech giant. Currently, the US government forces global chipmakers using US technology to obtain a license from the US before working on designs for Huawei.The US sanctions have given rise to market speculations over whether Huaweis business would be severely affected, with the possibility of severe impacts to launches of smartphones installed with high-end chips. Conversely, the sanctions are also forcing China to push technological breakthroughs following the realization that...

China to launch Chang'e-5 lunar probe this year

Photo taken by the rover Yutu 2 (Jade Rabbit-2) on Jan 11, 2019 shows the lander of the Change 4 probe. (Photo: Xinhua/China National Space Administration)China plans to launch the Change-5 lunar probe by the end of this year, a senior designer said at the ongoing 2020 China Space Conference in Fuzhou, capital of East Chinas Fujian province, that will continue until Sept 21.Yu Dengyun, deputy chief designer of Chinas lunar exploration program, said preparations are progressing smoothly, and the Change-5 probe will make a soft landing on the moon and bring samples back to Earth.Chinas current lunar program involves three phases: orbiting, landing, and return. The first two phases have been completed successfully, said Yu.The Change-5 probe is expected to realize lunar sample collection, takeoff from the moon, rendezvous and docking on lunar orbit and high-speed reentry into the Earths atmosphere, marking breakthroughs in Chinas aerospace history, said Yu.According to Yu, China is conducting a further verification study for the research and development of space station and the manned lunar mission, and it plans to set up an unmanned lunar research station for manned landings on the moon.The conference that commenced on Friday is jointly hosted by the Chinese Society of Astronautics and the China Space Foundation.

Sixteenth National Science Popularization Day kicks off 7 Photos

Sixteenth National Science Popularization Day kicks off

Children experience VR devices at Nanjing Science and Technology Museum in Nanjing, east China's Jiangsu Province, Sept. 19, 2020. The 16th National Science Popularization Day kicked off on Saturday.

China to launch Chang'e-5 lunar probe this year

FUZHOU, Sept. 19 -- China plans to launch the Chang'e-5 lunar probe by the end of this year, a senior designer said at the ongoing 2020 China Space Conference in Fuzhou, capital of east China's Fujian Province, that will continue until Sept.Yu Dengyun, deputy chief designer of China's lunar explora

Chinese space scientists envision ultrafast global travel in an hour by 2045

Photo: GTChinese scientists are exploring space technology that by 2045 will allow people to travel anywhere in the world within one hour, and such travels would become as routine as taking an airline flight, according to Bao Weimin, an academician from the Chinese Academy of Sciences.Bao, who is also director of the Science and Technology Commission of the State-owned space giant China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), floated the idea during his speech at the 2020 China Space Conference in Fuzhou, capital of East China’s Fujian Province on Friday.Bao outlined three developments will be needed before the goal is reached.Before 2025, key technology breakthroughs need to be made.By 2035, the scale of such airliner-like space travel would see thousands of travelers and thousands of kilograms freight shipped.By 2045, an overall system for space travel will be completed. There could be thousands of flights every year, involving tens of thousands of passengers.Bao revealed that hypersonic flying technology and reusable carrier rocket technology would be necessary to achieve the ambitious goal.

Tencent: US ban 'unfortunate,' will keep looking for solution

File photo: CGTNWeChat developer Tencent has called the U.S. ban on the app starting from Sunday "unfortunate," saying the company will continue discussions with the U.S. government for a long-term solution.The U.S. Commerce Department announced Friday that it will ban WeChat and Tiktok from U.S. app stores on Sunday and will bar the apps from accessing essential internet services in the U.S., citing "national security" concerns.The ban on WeChat also bars the transfer of funds or processing of payments to or from people in the U.S. through it. Users could also start to experience significantly slower service or sporadic outages from Sunday night."As an application serving users worldwide, WeChat has always complied with local laws and regulations. Its data policies and procedures meet the strictest privacy standards in the world," Tencent said in a statement.To ensure American users basic rights, the company has conducted multiple rounds of communication with the U.S. government to seek an appropriate solution, yet a consensus has not been reached between the two sides, the company said.WeChat is an all-in-one mobile app that combines services similar to Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram as well as Venmo and is essential to the daily lives of many in China, boasting more than one billion users.According to analytics firms Apptopia, in early August, WeChat is popular among Chinese students, expats and some Americans who have personal or business relationships in China, with an average of 19 million daily active users in the United States.

Nation determined to land astronauts on lunar surface

The 2020 China Space Conference opens in Fuzhou, capital of Fujian province, on Sept 18, 2020. (Photo: chinadaily.com.cn)China is determined to land its astronauts on the moon and set up a scientific station there, according to a project leader.Zhou Yanfei, deputy chief designer of Chinas manned space program, said on Friday that China wishes to use the manned lunar missions to carry out scientific surveys and technology demonstrations, explore ways to develop lunar resources and strengthen the nations space capabilities."A new wave of lunar explorations has been emerging in the world, with participants aiming to make sustainable missions to deepen knowledge of the moon and exploit resources there," he said in a report delivered at the 2020 China Space Conference in Fuzhou, Fujian province. "Unlike other nations, China must depend on its own science and technology to realize our goals."The country is independently able to land its astronauts on the moon because it has the technologies, a group of well-trained, innovative professionals and high-efficiency research and management systems, Zhou said.Planners, designers and engineers have done feasibility research and discussed all aspects of the manned lunar program.Chinese researchers will have to overcome a long list of technical and engineering difficulties, Zhou said."Our existing carrier rockets cant perform landing missions to the moon because they are not powerful enough. The Shenzhou-series manned spaceships are not suitable for lunar expeditions. We dont have a lunar landing capsule," he said."Our ground support system was designed for operations in low-Earth orbit rather than on the lunar surface. Moreover, Chinese astronauts have no experience working on an extraterrestrial body."The first step is to produce a powerful launch vehicle.Zhou said researchers initiated two approaches-making a new heavy-lift rocket capable of deploying more than 35 metri...

TikTok slams US action, to advance proceedings against Trump's order

TikTok opposes the U.S. Department of Commerces decision and says it will continue to advance proceedings against Trumps executive order, the company said in a statement obtained by CGTN."We oppose the decision and feel deeply disappointed. Hundreds of millions of American users have formed a community that loves TikTok as it is a tool for entertainment, self-expression and connection," the statement said.(File photo: VCG)The U.S. governments previous executive order was issued without due process, said the company, adding that "it may deprive the American people and small businesses of an important platform for their voice and living.""TikTok will continue to insist on litigation and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of its users, creators, partners and the company," said the statement.The U.S. Department of Commerce on Friday issued an order banning U.S. transactions with Chinese video-sharing app TikTok and messaging app WeChat starting September 20.From that date, any provision of service to distribute or maintain the WeChat or TikTok mobile applications, constituent code, or application updates through an online mobile application store in the U.S. will be prohibited, the order said.Also, any service through WeChat "for the purpose of transferring funds or processing payments within the U.S." will be banned on Sunday.The announcement also laid out a timeline, especially for TikTok, that takes effect on November 12, including provisions that block U.S. companies from providing internet hosting and services for the app.The statement came ahead of an expected statement Friday by Trump on whether the White House will approve a deal between TikTok owner ByteDance and Oracle under which the U.S. software firm will take a minority stake in the app and become a "trusted technology partner" in the U.S.ByteDance told CGTN on Thursday that the agreement will require approval fro...

China's Mars probe travels 155 million km

File photo: CGTNFUZHOU, Sept. 18 (Xinhua) -- Chinas Mars probe Tianwen-1 has traveled 155 million km, according to Zhang Rongqiao, chief designer of Chinas first Mars exploration mission.As of 8:30 a.m. on Friday, the probe was in stable condition at a distance of more than 18 million km away from Earth, Zhang said at the ongoing 2020 China Space Conference held in Fuzhou, capital of east Chinas Fujian Province.The probe has successfully captured a photo of Earth and the moon, and completed its first mid-course orbital correction and self-check on multiple payloads, Zhang added.China launched the Mars probe on July 23, kicking off the countrys independent planetary exploration mission. The spacecraft, consisting of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover, is expected to reach the red planet around February 2021.The expected touchdown date is May 2021, about three months after Tianwen-1 arrives in the Mars orbit."Reaching Mars gravitational field and landing on the planet remain the major difficulties, with all kinds of potential risks," Zhang said, adding that the engineering team is still fine-tuning the probes flight control and preliminary restoration schemes.

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