Microsoft bakes ChatGPT-like tech into search engine Bing

Microsoft is fusing ChatGPT-like technology into its search engine Bing, transforming an internet service that now trails far behind Google into a new way of communicating with artificial intelligence.

Microsoft bakes ChatGPT-like tech into search engine Bing

Microsoft is fusing ChatGPT-like technology into its search engine Bing, transforming an internet service that now trails far behind Google into a new way of communicating with artificial intelligence.Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella speaks during the introduction of the integration of Microsoft Bing search engine and Edge browser with OpenAI on Tuesday, Feb. 7, 2023, in Redmond, Wash. (Photo: AP)The revamping of Microsofts second-place search engine could give the software giant a head start against other tech companies in capitalizing on the worldwide excitement surrounding ChatGPT, a tool thats awakened millions of people to the possibilities of the latest AI technology.Along with adding it to Bing, Microsoft is also integrating the chatbot technology into its Edge browser. Microsoft announced the new technology at an event Tuesday at its headquarters in Redmond, Washington.Yusuf Mehdi, a Microsoft executive who leads its consumer division, said a public preview of the new Bing launched Tuesday for desktop users who sign up for it, but the technology will scale to millions of users in coming weeks. Everyone can try a limited number of queries, he said.The strengthening partnership with ChatGPT-maker OpenAI has been years in the making, starting with a $1 billion investment from Microsoft in 2019 that led to the development of a powerful supercomputer specifically built to train the San Francisco startups AI models.While its not always factual or logical, ChatGPTs mastery of language and grammar comes from having ingested a huge trove of digitized books, Wikipedia entries, instruction manuals, newspapers and other online writings.Microsoft Corp. CEO Satya Nadella said Tuesday that new AI advances are "going to reshape every software category we know," including search, much like earlier innovations in personal computers and cloud computing. He said it is important to develop AI "with human preferences and societal norms and you&#...

Google hopes 'Bard' will outsmart ChatGPT, Microsoft in AI

Google is girding for a battle of wits in the field of artificial intelligence with “Bard," a conversational service aimed at countering the popularity of the ChatGPT tool backed by Microsoft.A sign is shown on a Google building at their campus in Mountain View, Calif., Sept. 24, 2019. (File photo: AP)Bard initially will be available exclusively to a group of “trusted testers" before being widely released later this year, according to a Monday blog post from Google CEO Sundar Pichai.Googles chatbot is supposed to be able to explain complex subjects such as outer space discoveries in terms simple enough for a child to understand. It also claims the service will also perform other more mundane tasks, such as providing tips for planning a party, or lunch ideas based on what food is left in a refrigerator. Pichai didnt say in his post whether Bard will be able to write prose in the vein of William Shakespeare, the playwright who apparently inspired the services name.“Bard can be an outlet for creativity, and a launchpad for curiosity," Pichai wrote.Google announced Bards existence less than two weeks after Microsoft disclosed its pouring billions of dollars into OpenAI, the San Francisco-based maker of ChatGPT and other tools that can write readable text and generate new images.Microsofts decision to up the ante on a $1 billion investment that it previously made in OpenAI in 2019 intensified the pressure on Google to demonstrate that it will be able to keep pace in a field of technology that many analysts believe will be as transformational as personal computers, the internet and smartphones have been in various stages over the past 40 years.In a report last week, CNBC said a team of Google engineers working on artificial intelligence technology “has been asked to prioritize working on a response to ChatGPT." Bard had been a service being developed under a project called “Atlas," as part of Googles “code red” e...

Tech giants explore AI opportunities

File photo: China DailyChinese tech companies are upping the ante in the fast-growing artificial intelligence-generated content sector, as ChatGPT, the latest chatbot launched by US-based AI research company OpenAI, has gained wide popularity since its debut in November and revolutionized the AI field due to its advanced conversational capabilities.Leveraging machine learning algorithms, ChatGPT is able to mimic humanlike responses with AI-generated content, and assist people with tasks such as writing essays and scripts, making business proposals and even checking program bugs, which it does within seconds.AIGC-related stocks continued to rally in the A-share market, with Chinese AI companies, such as Cloudwalk Technology and Speechocean, seeing their shares surge by the daily limit of 20 percent on the science and technology innovation board on Monday.Experts said that AIGC is likely to become a new engine driving innovation of digital content production and free human creators from tedious tasks, with a wide range of commercial applications in fields such as culture, media, entertainment and education.Chinese tech heavyweight Baidu Inc announced on Tuesday that it will complete internal testing of its AI chatbot service similar to OpenAIs ChatGPT, called "Ernie Bot" in March.The Beijing-based company has invested large sums of money in developing its Ernie system, a large-scale machine-learning model that has been trained on massive data over several years and possesses in-depth semantic comprehension and generation capabilities.Robin Li, co-founder and CEO of Baidu, said in January that AIGC will subvert existing content production models in the next decade, and AI has the potential to meet massive demand for content at a tenth of the cost and a hundred or thousand times faster.Jianying, an AI-powered short-video editing app launched by Chinese tech company Byte-Dance, allows users to generate creative videos by simply putting in a few keywords or...

China's gigantic telescope identifies over 740 pulsars

Photo taken on Jan. 11, 2020 shows Chinas Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) under maintenance in southwest Chinas Guizhou Province. (File photo: Xinhua)BEIJING, Feb. 7 (Xinhua) -- Chinas Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST), the worlds largest single-dish radio telescope, has identified over 740 pulsars since its launch, the research team has announced.Pulsars, or fast-spinning neutron stars, originate from the imploded cores of massive dying stars through supernova explosions.Pulsar observation is an important task for FAST, which can be used to confirm the existence of gravitational radiation and black holes, and help solve many other major questions in physics.Jiang Peng, chief engineer of the telescope, said the annual observation duration of FAST has exceeded 5,300 hours since it was completed in September 2016, with 30 to 40 terabytes of data received every day. More than 740 pulsars have been discovered so far.More pulsar discoveries by FAST could help scientists find evidence of gravitational waves, or establish autonomously controlled time reference systems, Jiang added.Dubbed as the "China Sky Eye," the telescope is located in a naturally deep and round karst depression in the southwestern province of Guizhou. It has a reception area equal to 30 standard football fields.

Chinese tech giant Baidu to roll out ChatGPT-like chatbot in March

People visit the Baidu Brain pavilion at China National Convention Center in Beijing. (File photo: Xinhua)Chinese tech giant Baidu Inc announced on Tuesday that it would roll out "Ernie Bot," an AI chatbot service similar to Open AIs ChatGPT, in March.The Ernie system is under internal test currently and will be finished in March."Baidu masters all ChatGPT related technologies," said the company.ChatGPT is a milestone and watershed for AI technology, which means that AI technology has developed to a critical point, and enterprises need to lay out as soon as possible, Baidu added.Baidu has a comprehensive layout in the AI development framework, covering AI-powered chips, deep learning algorithms, language training model, and search applications.The Ernie Bot has the in-depth ability to understand and generate cross-modular and multi-language semanteme.ChatGPT is a chatbot from Microsoft-backed OpenAI that has been the centre of much buzz since it was released in November.

Australia set to pass 100,000 electric vehicle milestone: report

Photo taken on March 20, 2020, shows cars waiting in line at the Exhibition Park in Canberra, Australia. (File photo: Xinhua)SYDNEY, Feb. 7 (Xinhua) -- New research led by Australias Electric Vehicle Council (EVC) has said Australia is on track to pass the milestone of having 100,000 electric vehicles, as there are approximately 83,000 light EVs on roads.In a report released on Tuesday which recapped Australias EV industry in 2022, the council pointed out that of the 83,000 EVs, 79 percent are battery electric vehicles (BEVs) versus 21 percent plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), while only 44,000 EVs were in circulation at the beginning of 2022.The report noted that the number of EVs purchased in Australia rose by 86 percent last year, with 3.8 percent of all new cars purchased being electric."New EV purchases in Australia almost doubled in 2022, compared to 2021. While this is a promising sign that the local market is continuing to grow," the report wrote.The range of EV models purchased during 2022 also expanded, with a total of 70 different EV models delivered to the Australian market made up of 38 BEVs and 32 PHEVs.The top 20 EV models were led by Tesla Model 3, Tesla Model Y and BYD Atto 3.The report, however, said new EV purchases in Australia still "significantly trail the global average," which is currently estimated to have been between 12 to 14 percent in 2022."If you think youre seeing more EVs on the road than you used to, youre right, but if we want to hit our national emissions targets we wont make it on this current trajectory," said EVC Chief Executive Officer Behyad Jafari."To achieve the federal governments emission target well need a near fully zero-emission vehicle fleet by 2050. To stay on track that means reaching 1 million EVs by 2027 and around 3 million by 2030," Jafari added.He called for more reforms to transition away from the exhaust pipe.

Chief designer discloses China's Phase-4 lunar probe plans

China will press ahead with the fourth phase of its lunar exploration program in all respects this year, and it is expected to complete the basic structure for the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) on the moons south pole via the Change-7 and -8 probe missions during this decade, said Wu Weiren, the chief designer of Chinas lunar exploration program.A graphic simulation shows the orbiter and returner combination of Chinas Change-5 probe after its separation from the ascender.(China National Space Administration/Handout via Xinhua)Wu told state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) on Monday that the Phase-4 missions shall consist of Change-6, -7 and -8. The Change-6 mission will attempt to collect some 2,000 grams of lunar samples from the far side of moon and return them to Earth. The Change-7 mission is intended to land on the moons south pole and conduct detailed surveys to explore for traces of water, according to the programs chief designer. The Change-8 mission, which is expected to be launched around 2028, together with the Change-7 mission will complete the building of the ILRS basic structure, and there would be a lunar orbiter, lander and rover as well as a range of scientific detection devices, Wu said. Sources familiar with the development of the lunar exploration program told the Global Times on Monday that the Change 6 probe is a backup to its predecessor, Change 5, which managed to return 1,731 grams of lunar samples and marked the first lunar-return mission since 1976, so it is capable of collecting and bringing samples back to Earth.Wang Qiong, a deputy chief designer of the Change-6 mission, disclosed that the Change-6 will be launched in 2024 or 2025.To prepare for the mission, the Queqiao-2 relay satellite will be launched by the beginning of 2024.Sources also explained that the selection of the south pole as Change 7s destination was based o...

China's installation of renewable power to see robust growth in 2023: Fitch

BEIJING, Feb. 4 (Xinhua) -- China will continue increasing the deployment of renewable power in 2023 on strong demand, lower raw-material costs and a low-base effect for wind power, according to Fitch Ratings.Photo: CGTNChinas large state-owned power generation companies remain committed to the countrys energy transition strategy and are the largest investors in renewable power, said Fitch Ratings, adding that the companies active bidding bodes well for new installations in 2023.In 2022, a total of 446 wind power projects with a capacity of 87 GW completed equipment bidding in 2022, compared with around 60 GW in 2021, Fitch Ratings cited data from wind power information provider Windmango.The installed capacity of wind and solar power in China rose 22 percent year on year last year, according to Fitch Ratings.

Chinese, US scientists design stretchable seal for electronic devices

Screenshot of the published study in the journal Science. (Photo: CMG)An international group led by Chinese scientists has developed a kind of stretchable seal to better protect next-generation flexible electronic devices.The study published in the journal Science on Friday details the liquid metal-based, soft, hermetic and wireless-communicable seals for stretchable systems.The advancement in human-machine interfaces and other soft electronic technologies has raised demand for protective packaging for stretchable devices. Furthermore, conventional stretchable materials are often highly permeable and less hermetically sealed.The researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and North Carolina State University used a liquid metal called eutectic gallium indium with both low gas permeability and fluidic properties. They then tested the seals in a stretchable battery and a soft heat transfer device that incorporates volatile fluids.The capacity retention of the battery was about 72.5 percent after 500 cycles, and the sealed heat transfer system showed an increased thermal conductivity while strained and heated.They also demonstrated that the hermetic seals can be designed to enable wireless communication with a signal transmission window.

China's latest quantum computer 'Wukong' to debut, production line in full capacity

Quantum computer prototypes at Chinas first quantum chip production line. (Photo: CMG)Chinas first quantum chip production line made its debut via a live streaming program by China Media Group (CMG) on Tuesday, where Wukong, the countrys latest quantum computer is to come out.Quantum chips dedicated for Wukong had been developed at the production line by the end of last year, and are now debugging in the new quantum computer, said Jia Zhilong, deputy director of Anhui Quantum Computing Engineering Research Center, which is jointly established by Hefei Origin Quantum Computing Technology (Origin Quantum), a startup headquartered in Hefei, capital of east Chinas Anhui Province and Key Laboratory of Quantum Information of Chinese Academy of Sciences.Part of Chinas latest quantum computer Wukong. (Photo: CMG)The countrys latest quantum computer Wukong will feature a chip with over 64 qubits, Zhang Hui, manager of Origin Quantum, told in an interview, comparing to IBMs Osprey quantum processor with 433 qubits and Googles quantum chip Bristlecone with 72 qubits.Zhang said the company lags behind the worlds leading quantum computing players like IBM and Google in terms of hardware products and development, but has some advantages in the software and operating systems, and views the former as the way forward. Sharp eye and scalpelMore cutting-edge tools have been developed to facilitate the production of quantum computers at the production line.NDPT-100, Chinas first non-destructive probe electrical measurement platform, was developed by Origin Quantum in December, 2022.Fast and accurate, the platform serves as a sharp eye to measure quantum bit resistance and can identify the quality of quantum chips with almost zero damage, greatly improving development efficiency. MLLAS-100, Chinas first laser annealer. (Photo: CMG)The company built the countrys first laser annealer in the followin...

Influence of China's sci-tech journals continues to grow

Photo: CFPThe influence of Chinas science and technology journals continues to grow, with more of these journals now included in key global periodical retrieval systems, according to a recent report from the Institute of Scientific and Technical Information under the Ministry of Science and Technology. In 2021, a total of 235 Chinese sci-tech journals were included in the Science Citation Index (SCI), and 274 in the Engineering Index (Ei), according to the report. With the increasing influence of Chinese sci-tech journals, more and more important scientific study results from China are being published in Chinese journals, the report noted. In 2021, the Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers and Citations Database (CSTPCD) included 1,976 Chinese and 150 English sci-tech journals.

Amazon posts Q4 results with revenue growth, net income collapse

File photo: CGTNSAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 2 (Xinhua) --, Inc. announced its financial results for the fourth quarter ending Dec. 31, 2022, with net sales of 149.2 billion U.S. dollars, up 9 percent year on year.The companys net income decreased 98 percent to 0.3 billion dollars in the fourth quarter, or 0.03 dollars per diluted share, compared with 14.3 billion dollars, or 1.39 dollars per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2021, it reported on Thursday.Its net loss was 2.7 billion dollars in 2022, or 0.27 dollar per diluted share, compared with a net income of 33.4 billion dollars, or 3.24 dollars per diluted share, in 2021.Amazons net sales increased 9 percent to 514.0 billion dollars in 2022, compared with 469.8 billion dollars in 2021."Were encouraged by the continued progress were making in reducing our cost to serve in the operations part of our Stores business. In the short term, we face an uncertain economy, but we remain quite optimistic about the long-term opportunities for Amazon," said Andy Jassy, Amazon CEO.According to Jassy, the vast majority of total market segment share in both global retail and IT still resides in physical stores and on-premises datacenters."As this equation steadily flips, we believe our leading customer experiences in these areas along with the results of our continued hard work and invention to improve everyday, will lead to significant growth in the coming years," he said.The companys investments and innovation in several other broad customer experiences, such as streaming entertainment, customer-first healthcare and broadband satellite connectivity, provided more reason to feel optimistic about the future, he added.

Ford posts $2 bln in net loss in 2022

File photo: XinhuaCHICAGO, Feb. 2 (Xinhua) -- Ford Motor Co. reported on Thursday 2 billion U.S. dollars in net losses for 2022, down from 17.8 billion dollars in profits reaped in 2021.The U.S. automaker generated 158.1 billion dollars in revenue in the full year of 2022, up from 136.3 billion dollars in 2021; the adjusted earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) were 10.4 billion dollars, slightly higher than the adjusted 10-billion-dollar EBIT generated in 2021 and falling short of Fords expectation of 11.5 billion dollars.In the fourth quarter of 2022, the automaker generated 44 billion dollars in revenue with a net income of 1.3 billion dollars. EBIT was 2.6 billion dollars.Ford attributes its 2022 loss to a mark-to-market net loss in Rivian, an investment loss in autonomous company Argo AI, and production instability resulting in higher costs and lower-than-planned volumes.Fords EBIT in North America was up 1.8 billion dollars to 9.2 billion dollars for the full year 2022 and was slightly above break-even but below its expectations in Europe. Ford reported a full-year loss of about 600 million dollars in China, where its investing in EVs. In South America, Fords EBIT exceeded 400 million dollars.For 2023, Ford expects to earn 9 billion dollars to 11 billion dollars in adjusted EBIT on seasonally adjusted annual sales of about 15 million vehicles in the United States and about 13 million sales in Europe.

China again world's top clean energy investor

China outperformed all nations in terms of clean energy investment in 2022, spending $546 billion — nearly half the global total, according to a recent report.Technicians check solar panels in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province. (Photo: Xinhua)The United States was a distant second with $141 billion, while the European Union would have been second if treated as a single bloc, with $180 billion, the report from research firm BloombergNEF said.It said global investment in low-carbon energy transition totaled $1.1 trillion last year — a record and a huge increase from 2021 — as the energy crisis and policy action drove faster deployment of clean energy technologies.The report also noted that China strongly contributed to the significant increase in clean energy factory investment, which the report refers to as investments in manufacturing facilities for clean energy technologies.Such investment grew to $78.7 billion in 2022, up from $52.6 billion in 2021, it said. Manufacturing facilities for batteries and related components made up the largest share of this investment with $45.4 billion, while solar factories attracted $23.9 billion.China accounted for 91 percent of manufacturing investments last year despite efforts from other countries to capture more of the global clean energy market, it said.The manufacturing capacity for clean energy technologies is unlikely to be the major bottleneck to achieving net zero carbon emissions, Antoine Vagneur-Jones, BNEF’s head of trade and supply chains research, was quoted as saying in a news release from the research firm on Jan 26."However, from a supply chain diversification point of view, the picture has not changed much. China is by far investing the most in building out its clean energy supply chain, and it remains to be seen if other regions can capture significant market share," he said.

China's AG600 amphibious aircraft starts airworthiness flight-test phase

BEIJING, Feb. 1 (Xinhua) -- Chinas indigenously-developed AG600 large amphibious aircraft has entered the airworthiness flight-test phase, announced the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) on Wednesday.An AG600 "Kunlong" amphibious aircraft flies over the sea off Qingdao, east Chinas Shandong Province, July 26, 2020. (Photo: Xinhua)Two AG600M airplanes, the firefighting model belonging to the AG600 aircraft family, have arrived at the flight-test center in Yanliang District in Xian, northwest Chinas Shaanxi Province, said the AVIC, the countrys leading plane-maker.It marked that the special-mission aircraft has officially entered the flight-test phase to obtain the type certificate, the AVIC added.At the flight test center, the AG600M airplanes will firstly receive modifications to conduct the flight test subjects.Various test works, including the static test and others, have also been initiated, said the AVIC.Codenamed Kunlong, or "water dragon" in Chinese, the AG600 aircraft family is developed to serve emergency rescue missions. It can be used in forest firefighting, maritime search and rescue, and other critical emergency rescue missions.

Mixing between species reduces vulnerability to climate change: study

Cross-breeding species could reduce their vulnerability to climate change, an Australian research has found.In a study published on Tuesday, researchers from Flinders University and the University of Canberra found evidence that hybridization, the process of mixing different species, can reduce the risk of extinction of populations threatened by global warming.The team traveled to the wet tropics in Australias north-east to collect samples of five species of tropical rainbowfish along an elevational gradient.A rainbowfish species called Boesemani rainbowfish. /CFP Species from cooler higher-elevation habitats tend to have more difficulty adapting to environmental variation.By analyzing genomic data from the samples, they discovered several pure and hybrid populations of rainbowfish and identified genes that enable them to adapt to climate variation across their habitats.Chris Brauer, lead author of the study from Flinders University, said environmental models proved that populations of cool-adapted upland rainbowfish species that have bred with warm-adapted lowland species have a reduced vulnerability to future climates."These mixed populations contain more diversity at genes we think are important for climate adaptation, and are therefore more likely to persist in warmer environments," he said in a media release.Researchers said their findings have significant implications for many species, comparing the concept to the historic mixing between the earliest modern humans and Neanderthals.Luciano Beheregaray, director of the Flinders Molecular Ecology Lab, said the study highlighted the underappreciated value of hybrid populations."Our findings are good news for biodiversity. They indicate that genetic mixing is an important tool for conservation that can contribute to natural evolutionary rescue of species threatened by climate change."

ChatGPT maker fields tool for spotting AI-written text

Creators of a ChatGPT bot causing a stir for its ability to mimic human writing on Tuesday released a tool designed to detect when written works are authored by artificial intelligence.(File photo: CFP)The announcement came amid intense debate at schools and universities in the United States and around the world over concerns that the software can be used to assist students with assignments and help them cheat during exams.US-based OpenAI said in a blog post Tuesday that its detection tool has been trained "to distinguish between text written by a human and text written by AIs from a variety of providers."The bot from OpenAI, which recently received a massive cash injection from Microsoft, responds to simple prompts with reams of text inspired by data gathered on the internet.OpenAI cautioned that its tool can make mistakes, particularly with texts containing fewer than 1,000 characters."While it is impossible to reliably detect all AI-written text, we believe good classifiers can inform mitigations for false claims that AI-generated text was written by a human," OpenAI said in the post."For example, running automated misinformation campaigns, using AI tools for academic dishonesty, and positioning an AI chatbot as a human."A top French university last week forbade students from using ChatGPT to complete assignments, in the first such ban at a college in the country.The decision came shortly after word that ChatGPT had passed exams at a US law school after writing essays on topics ranging from constitutional law to taxation.ChatGPT still makes factual mistakes, but education facilities have rushed to ban the AI tool."We recognize that identifying AI-written text has been an important point of discussion among educators, and equally important is recognizing the limits and impacts of AI generated text classifiers in the classroom," OpenAI said in the post."We are engaging with educators in the US to learn what they are seei...

Australia-led research splits seawater to produce green hydrogen

CANBERRA, Jan. 31 (Xinhua) -- An international research led by the University of Adelaide has successfully split seawater to produce green hydrogen.File photo: AFPIn a study published on Tuesday, the team of scientists revealed they had found a way to electrolyze seawater into hydrogen fuel without pre-treatment.The research was led by Qiao Shizhang and Zheng Yao from the School of Chemical Engineering at the University of Adelaide in collaboration with Tianjin University and Nankai University in China and Kent State University in the United States.Clean hydrogen is produced by splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen -- a process known as electrolysis. However, existing technologies require a feedstock of water of high purity, which is achieved with chemical additives.Tuesdays study proved that electrolysis can be achieved with seawater with microorganisms filtered out with a similar efficiency to highly purified water."We used seawater as a feedstock without the need for any pre-treatment processes like reverse osmosis desolation, purification, or alkalisation," Zheng said in a media release."Current electrolysers are operated with highly purified water electrolyte. Increased demand for hydrogen to partially or totally replace energy generated by fossil fuels will significantly increase the scarcity of increasingly limited freshwater resources."Our work provides a solution to directly utilize seawater without pre-treatment systems and alkali addition, which shows similar performance as that of existing metal-based mature pure water electrolyser."Hydrogen is widely considered the ideal zero-emissions fuel for the future.In September, the Australian government announced funding to build the countrys first large-scale hydrogen plant.The team said they will now work on scaling up their system by using a larger electrolyser with a view to making it commercially viable.

China's Deep Space Exploration Lab eyes top global talents

An illustration of space. /CFP Chinas Deep Space Exploration Lab (DSEL) said Monday that it is inviting top global talents to apply for the 2023 Overseas Outstanding Young Talents Program, to promote the development of deep-space exploration. According to the DSEL, the program, funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, aims to attract outstanding young scholars from overseas, who have made achievements in the natural sciences, engineering and technology, to come and work in China. Applicants are invited to take part in research on aerospace science and technology, space science and technology, planetary science, physics, astronomy, nuclear science and technology, biology, chemistry and materials science, electronic information and technology, mechanical engineering, artificial intelligence and other fields related to deep-space exploration, said the DSEL. Co-established by the China National Space Administration, Anhui Province, and the University of Science and Technology of China, the DSEL is headquartered in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui, and has a branch in Beijing. Since its establishment, the laboratory has conducted science and technology research focusing on major national projects in deep-space exploration. The DSEL aims to promote the long-term development of deep-space exploration regarding the moon, planets, asteroids and the edge of the solar system.

China looking to ride Web 3.0 wave

File photo: XinhuaBEIJING, Jan. 30 (Xinhua) -- Last October, renowned Hong Kong director and comedian Stephen Chow said in his first social media post that he is "seeking outstanding Web3 talent in the dark."While many fans still need to become more familiar with Web3 or Web 3.0, the word has been trendy in the tech community these years. Chinese policymakers and tech enterprises are also ramping up efforts to ride the wave.Gu Feiyong, a manager from Chinas internet giant NetEase, said that Web3 will rewire how the internet works, using blockchain to change how information is stored, shared, and owned.In the early 1990s, the first version of the internet is referred to as Web 1.0. It was made up of static web pages with content used to display information.Then, Web 2.0 saw the rise of e-commerce and social media platforms. Technologies like mobile computing (smartphones), cloud computing, and big data enabled internet users to interact with each other and publish their own content.However, there have been increasing concerns about Web 2.0 in recent years. For instance, the users have to surrender their data to platforms run by tech giants which collect information about preferences to sell targeted advertisements. Users do not have a say in the share of revenue brought by the content they create.Based on blockchain, Web 3.0 aims to solve these issues and return content rights to the creators, according to Gu.Many big tech firms and start-ups are using business ideas to demonstrate Web 3.0 in real-world applications, believing in the promising future it can deliver. Metaverse, for instance, is a virtual environment that allows people to engage in digital activities such as collecting digital assets like NFTs.Among the top 10 tech trends predicted by Baidu Research, Web 3.0-related technologies will create a new multi-centered, more open, fair, and secure web space where users can exchange information and value with more safety in the year 2023.Policyma...

China's mobile IoT connections account for 70% of world's total


Can Pfizer defend its COVID-19 research from rival undercover videos?

American drugmaker Pfizer said on Friday they have not conducted gain-of-function or directed evolution research during their COVID-19 research, after a rival video posted on Thursday by Project Veritas – a non-profit group – showed an apparent Pfizer executive saying the company had done so.The video lasts almost 10 minutes, a large part of which showed a person talking about internal operations at Pfizer, which includes "directed evolution" among others.The person also said COVID-19 is the companys "cash cow," adding that the company is trying to "mutate" the novel coronavirus.He also warned the person he was talking to, "promise you wont tell anyone."The video attracted more than 23 million of views on Twitter.A person appeared in a video posted by Project Veritas telling another person to keep a secret. Note that the text in the picture was added by the video creator, not CGTN Digital. (Photo: Screenshot from Twitter)According to Project Veritas, the person is "Jordon Trishton Walker, Pfizer Director of Research and Development, Strategic Operations - mRNA Scientific Planner."CGTN Digital cannot independently confirm the persons identity by the time we wrote the story.Pfizer didnt admit or deny if Walker is an employee. They didnt mention the video in their announcement, either.But James OKeefe, head of Project Veritas, posted photos and screenshots of what he claimed to be "internal Pfizer documents" showing Walkers position in the company.In another video posted by Project Veritas on YouTube, the apparently same person grabbed a tablet computer from OKeefe and smashed it to the ground, after OKeefe showed the rival video to him with the device.The video subtitles showed the person saying, "you cant just record people like that."A person appeared in a video posted by Project Veritas holding a tablet computer. Note that the text in the picture ...

Scientists control two quantum light sources entangled for the first time

Danish and German researchers said they could control two quantum light sources rather than one, thus creating a quantum mechanical entanglement.According to the University of Copenhagen (UCPH), one of the institutions involved in the study, a quantum mechanical entanglement is a phenomenon with two light sources affect each other instantly and potentially across large geographic distances.Illustration of two entangled quantum light sources. (Photo: Niels Bohr Institute of UCPH)It added that entanglement is the very basis of quantum networks and central the development of an efficient quantum computer.Before this, researchers could only be able to control one light source at a time, because light sources are extraordinarily sensitive to outside "noise" and difficult to copy. While in this study, the research team created two identical quantum light sources.They have also developed a nanochip, which is not much larger than the diameter of a human hair, to control each light source precisely, according to the university."It is a crucial step to take the development of quantum technology to the next level and to quantize societys computers, encryption and the internet," said Peter Lodahl, a researcher at the Niels Bohr Institute of the UCPH."Weve revealed the key to scaling up the technology, which is crucial for the most ground-breaking of quantum hardware applications," he added.Alexey Tiranov, the articles lead author, said the entanglement "makes it possible to create a whole network of entangled quantum light sources," with which can help researchers to "perform quantum bit operations in the same way as bits in a regular computer, only much more powerfully."The study was published on the journal Science on January 26.

US chip ban to spur China's tech breakthroughs: experts

(Photo: VCG)The US has reportedly secured a deal with the Netherlands and Japan on chip export controls against China, using stepped-up pressure on its allies. However, experts said that the latest US move and more potential containment wont beat down China, as Chinese semiconductor firms are making all efforts to achieve breakthroughs in core technologies for self-reliance.The US has reached an agreement with the Netherlands and Japan to restrict exports of some advanced chipmaking machinery to China, including advanced lithography tools, Bloomberg reported on Saturday, citing sources.The deal would extend some export controls the US adopted in October 2022 to companies in the two countries, including ASML Holding NV, Nikon Corp and Tokyo Electron Ltd, according to the report. The actual implementation of those restrictions could take months as the two countries finalize legal arrangements, it said.Despite mounting US pressure on export curbs, Netherlands leading lithography firm ASML said these measures would not have a material effect on the companys announced expectations for 2023."Our business in China is predominantly directed at mature nodes," ASML said in a statement sent to the Global Times on Saturday. "Meanwhile, ASMLs business activities globally will continue. What we need now is stability and reliability in our industry to avoid further disturbances in the global semiconductor industry," it said.ASML will continue to engage with the authorities to inform them about the potential impact of any proposed rule in order to assess the impact on the global semiconductor supply chain, the company said.Nikon and Tokyo Electron didnt reply on Saturday.The Biden administration has repeatedly claimed steps for its so-called chip alliance over the past year, but little progress had been made. In terms of the deal with the Netherlands and Japan, no details have yet been announced.The latest US moves are unlikely to have a...

China to study use of AI technology in avoiding space debris

China will study the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in avoiding space debris, a significant effort to use orbital resources more effectively and strengthen the control of super-large scale constellations, ensuring the safety of spacecraft in orbit and creating a new technology of rapid

Will AI chatbots like ChatGPT replace writers in near future?

Will creative occupations such as painters, authors and journalists be replaced in the future by tools such as ChatGPT?

China starts development of new Fengyun-3 meteorological satellites

BEIJING, Feb. 8 (Xinhua) -- The development of Chinas 4th batch of Fengyun-3 (FY-3) meteorological satellites has been launched, according to the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.(Photo: from the FY-1 series, the FY-3 series is the second generation of Chinese polar-orbiting meteorological satellites and is designed to beef up the countrys global data acquisition capability to collect more information on cloud and surface characteristics.They can provide atmospheric, land-surface and sea-surface parameters that are global, all-weather, three-dimensional, quantitative and multi-spectral.The 4th batch of Fengyun-3 satellites is the final one of Chinas second generation of low-orbit meteorological satellites, consisting of a precipitation measurement satellite in inclined orbit and a satellite in sun-synchronous early morning orbit.After the deployment of the 4th batch of FY-3 satellites, China will verify in orbit, for the first time, the collaborative observation of its meteorological satellites in high and low orbits, in an effort to support the intelligent observation system development of third-generation meteorological satellites, said the SAST.

Shenzhou-15 taikonauts to perform spacewalk

BEIJING, Feb. 8 (Xinhua) -- The Shenzhou-15 taikonauts, who are currently on board the Chinese Tiangong space station, will conduct their first extravehicular activities within the next few days, the China Manned Space Agency announced on Wednesday.File photo: CGTNThe three-men crew have been living in orbit for 70 days since they entered the space station combination on Nov. 30, 2022. They completed various tasks, including in-orbit crew rotation with the Shenzhou-14 taikonauts, tests of scientific experiment cabinets, and spacecraft equipment inspections.They also performed medical checks, weightlessness protection workouts and a series of space science experiments.However, the past two months have not been only about work. The latest space station residents also celebrated the Chinese New Year and held space painting and photo exhibitions, sending New Year greetings to the Chinese people.According to the agency, the Shenzhou-15 trio are now in good condition, and the space station combination is operating stably. All conditions are in place for the crews first spacewalk.The three Shenzhou-15 crew members are Fei Junlong, Deng Qingming and Zhang Lu. Their six-month mission is aimed at wrapping up the last stage of the space station construction and starting the first stage of its application and development.

China's Baidu plans to launch ChatGPT – style bot ERNIE in March: company

Chinese tech company Baidu is expected to launch a ChatGPT-style bot, named ERNIE Bot, which will open for public use in March, making it the first among its Chinese counterparts in joining a global race in the artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot sector

China-made aircraft C919 takes first flight in Year of the Rabbit

Chinas first domestically-developed large passenger aircraft C919 has taken its first flight in the Year of the Rabbit, making another step forward in its 100-hour aircraft validation flight process.File photo: XinhuaThe C919 of China Eastern Airlines (CEA), flight number MU7817, took off from Shanghais Hongqiao Airport and landed at the Nanchang Changbei International Airport in Nanchang City, east Chinas Jiangxi Province, on Saturday at 10:30 a.m.The C919 accomplished two trips commuting between Shanghai and Nanchang, during which the whole process, including passenger boarding, pilot operation and plane maintenance, was tested."After the 100-hour validation flight, the Civil Aviation Administration (CAAC) of China will conduct verification and examination (for the C919 airliner) to verify if the China Eastern Airlines has the capacity to support the operation of C919," said Wu Jinjun, director of the Jiangxi Production Command Center at CEA.After that process the CAAC will grant CEA an operating permit at an appropriate time, Wu added.Developed by Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, the C919 is Chinas first domestically-developed large passenger plane. Its a milestone in the countrys pursuit of civil planes designed and manufactured locally.CEA took delivery of its first C919 on December 9, 2022. The company carried out a 100-hour verification flight for its first C919 aircraft on December 26, 2022 to verify and confirm the aircrafts operation safety, paving the way for its commercial debut in spring of 2023. CEA said the C919 is expected to operate on routes to Chinese cities including Shanghai, Beijing, Xian, Kunming, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Shenzhen.

AI-based early detection of visual impairment on smartphone: study

A child takes a visual impairment test on a smartphone. (Photo: CGTN)Untrained people can use smartphones to detect visual impairment among kids with AI technology, according to a study by scientists from Sun Yat-sen University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University.Visual impairment is one of the most important causes of long-term disability in children worldwide. Still, its early detection is frequently missed since kids have limited cooperation with standard vision tests.The study published in the journal Nature Medicine on Thursday described a smartphone-based system, the Apollo Infant Sight (AIS).The AI-driven system is shown to identify visually impaired children with 16 eye disorders by recording and analyzing their gazing behaviors and facial features.The AIS is designed to attract a steady gaze from children by playing cartoon-like video stimuli and then capture the facial appearance and ocular movement for further analysis using deep learning models, according to the study.A smartphone screenshot showing a cartoon-like video and a child watching it. (Photo: CGTN)Videos from 3,652 children under four years old have been prospectively collected to develop and validate this system.The study shows that untrained parents or caregivers who use the system on their smartphones are able to achieve high-quality detection.

China's first university-owned icebreaker completes trial in Bohai Sea

A birds-eye view of the "Zhong Shan Da Xue Ji Di" polar icebreaker during its trial voyage on January 25, 2023. (Photo: Sun Yat-Sen University)A Chinese icebreaker owned and upgraded by the Sun Yat-Sen University completed a trial voyage in the Bohai Sea on Wednesday, becoming the third polar icebreaker in China after Xuelong-2 and Xuelong.The icebreaker, dubbed "Zhong Shan Da Xue Ji Di," which literally translated means the polar icebreaker of Sun Yat-Sen University, arrived at the ice sea area of Liaodong Bay in the Bohai Sea to carry out icebreaking tests on January 25.The sea ice area at the time had exceeded 10,000 square kilometers and the outer edge line had reached 56 nautical miles, which provided ideal conditions for icebreaking tests, including low temperature navigation, ice breaking, ice area scientific research support and other capabilities. It also tested out shipborne scientific research equipment and safety design of the ship.The vessel was donated by Chinese private entrepreneurs Zhang Xinyu and Liang Hong, who are also famous for their self-initiated world adventures. It had previously served in the Arctic region for over 10 years for rescue, supply and offshore oil exploration purposes.At 78.95 meters long and 17.22 meters wide, and with displacement of 5,852 tonnes and draft of 8.16 meters, the ship was assigned as Polar Classes 3, according to the International Association of Classification Societies, with 1 being the highest, capable of operation in all polar waters year-round.After its donation to the university in 2022, its equipment was upgraded in a joint effort with shipyard companies. The university said that the program would encourage scientific and technological innovation and talent training for polar exploration.

Children's immune response to coronavirus fast but doesn't last: Australian research

SYDNEY, Jan. 28 (Xinhua) -- A new Australian research revealed on Friday found that while childrens immune system could help them avoid severe symptoms from COVID-19 infections, the system is less likely to "form memory" of previous infections, which highlights the importance to vaccinate children.A healthcare worker prepares a vial of the COVID-19 vaccine at a vaccination site in Times Square, New York, the United States, on June 22, 2022. (File photo: Xinhua)The study, published in the journal Clinical Immunology, is led by the Garvan Institute of Medical Research.After investigating the T cells and cellular immune responses of the samples, researchers found that different from adults, childrens immune systems had many different naïve T cells to fight against SARS-CoV-2 but did not transition into a memory state after they recovered."The price that children pay for being so good at getting rid of the virus in the first place is that they dont have the opportunity to develop adaptive memory to protect them the second time they are exposed to the virus," said lead author, professor Tri Phan from the Garvan Institute.Researchers noted that infants start with an immune system blank slate, which has a much higher proportion of naïve T cells. As they grow up and expose to more viruses, the naïve T cells are replaced by memory T cells that are locked into making responses to viruses they have seen before.T cells are not part of the innate immune system but are part of the adaptive or memory forming part of the immune system, co-author of the study, Associate Professor Philip Britton from the Childrens Hospital at Westmead told Xinhua."The children in our study had predominantly naïve T cells. These are T cells randomly generated by the body to be available to respond to pathogens, but they have not previously been selected out for their ability to respond to a particular pathogen."Researchers said the findings r...

Nation sees therapeutics success

Pharmacists check prescription information at a fever clinic in Minhang district of Shanghai on Jan 8. The small molecule drugs to treat COVID-19 had been put into use in community health centers in Shanghai to better play their roles in "early detection, early intervention and early diversion". (WA

Asteroid to come 'extraordinarily close' to Earth: NASA

This diagram made available by NASA shows the estimated trajectory of asteroid 2023 BU, in red, affected by the earths gravity, and the orbit of geosynchronous satellites, in green. (Photo: AP)A truck-sized asteroid will pass near Earth on Thursday in one of the closest approaches to our planet ever recorded, NASA said, emphasising that it poses no danger.Asteroid 2023 BU, which was recently discovered by an amateur astronomer, will zoom by the southern tip of South America at around 4:27 pm PST on Thursday (0027 GMT Friday), according to NASA.It will pass just 2,200 miles (3,600 kilometres) from Earths surface, much closer than many geostationary satellites orbiting the planet.But there is no risk that the asteroid will hit Earth, NASA said in a statement on Wednesday.Even if it did, the asteroid measuring 3.5-8.5 metres (11-28 feet) across would largely disintegrate in the Earths atmosphere, potentially just resulting in a few small meteorites.It was discovered on Saturday from an observatory in Crimea by amateur astronomer Gennadiy Borisov, who previously spotted an interstellar comet in 2019.Dozens of observations were then carried out by observatories across the world.NASAs Scout impact hazard assessment system quickly determined that the asteroid would miss Earth, the US space agency said."Despite the very few observations, it was nonetheless able to predict that the asteroid would make an extraordinarily close approach with Earth," said NASAs Davide Farnocchia who helped develop Scout."In fact, this is one of the closest approaches by a known near-Earth object ever recorded."The asteroid will come so close that its trajectory around the Sun will be significantly altered.Previously it took the asteroid 359 days to complete its orbit around the Sun, but after this close call with Earth, it will now take 425, NASA said.

Chinese virologists develop technique to store mRNA vaccines at room temperature

File photo: CFPBEIJING, Jan. 26 (Xinhua) -- A group of Chinese virologists have developed a technique that helps store mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines at normal temperature for more than half a year.Most current mRNA vaccines require to be stored at minus 20 to 70 degrees Celsius due to their poor stability, thus restricting their availability.The study published in the journal Cell Discovery this week showed that a kind of freeze-dry lipid nanoparticle vaccine prepared via an optimized lyophilization technique with precise temperature control and lower residual water content can remain physiochemically stable at 25 degrees Celsius over six months while eliciting potent humoral and cellular immunity in mice, rabbits, or rhesus macaques.In the human trial, administration of lyophilized Omicron mRNA vaccine as a booster shot also engendered strong immunity, and the titers of neutralizing antibodies against multiple Omicron variants are seen to increase by at least 253-fold after a booster shot following two doses of the commercial inactivated vaccine, according to the study.The technique overcomes the instability of mRNA vaccines without affecting their bioactivity and significantly improves their accessibility, particularly in remote regions, said the researchers.

Earth's inner core rotating slower than surface, study suggests

Photo via CGTNEarths inner core, a hot iron ball the size of Pluto, has stopped spinning faster than the planets surface and might now be rotating slower than it, research suggested on Monday.Roughly 5,000 kilometres (3,100 miles) below the surface we live on, this "planet within the planet" can spin independently because it floats in the liquid metal outer core.Exactly how the inner core rotates has been a matter of debate between scientists -- and the latest research is expected to prove controversial.What little is known about the inner core comes from measuring the tiny differences in seismic waves -- created by earthquakes or sometimes nuclear explosions -- as they pass through the middle of the Earth.Seeking to track the inner cores movements, new research published in the journal Nature Geoscience analysed seismic waves from repeating earthquakes over the last six decades."We believe the inner core rotates, relative to the Earths surface, back and forth, like a swing," the studys authors, Xiaodong Song and Yi Yang of Chinas Peking University, told AFP."One cycle of the swing is about seven decades," the authors said.The inner core started rotating slightly faster than the rest of the planet in the early 1970s, the study said.But it had been slowing down before coming in sync with Earths rotation around 2009, it added.There has been a "negative trend" since, the study said, meaning the inner core is now rotating slower than the surface.The researchers predicted the next change would occur in the mid-2040s.They said this rotation timeline roughly lines up with changes in what is called the "length of day" -- small variations in the exact time it takes Earth to rotate on its axis.Stuck in the middleSo far there is little to indicate that what the inner core does has much effect on surface dwellers.But the researchers said they believed there were physical links between all Earth...

Chinese researchers reproduce solar-flare features in lab

BEIJING, Jan. 25 (Xinhua) -- Chinese researchers have demonstrated laser-driven turbulent magnetic reconnection in a laboratory, an experiment that can help scientists learn more about solar flares. A paper on the findings, which reproduce key features of solar flares, has been published in Nature

US to test nuclear engine for future Mars missions

Artist concept of the Demonstration Rocket for Agile Cislunar Operations spacecraft, which will demonstrate a nuclear thermal rocket engine. (Credits: U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)NASA and the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) announced Tuesday a collaboration to demonstrate a nuclear thermal rocket engine in space, the key steps for sending the first crewed missions to Mars. NASA and DARPA will partner on the Demonstration Rocket for Agile Cislunar Operations (DRACO) program.Using a nuclear thermal rocket allows for faster transit time, reducing risk for astronauts, according to NASA.Reducing transit time is a key component for human missions to Mars, as longer trips require more supplies and more robust systems."NASA will work with our long-term partner, DARPA, to develop and demonstrate advanced nuclear thermal propulsion technology as soon as 2027. With the help of this new technology, astronauts could journey to and from deep space faster than ever - a major capability to prepare for crewed missions to Mars," said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson.

SpaceX completes major test for Starship

Starship SN15 landing in Texas, May 5, 2021. (File photo: CFP)LOS ANGELES, Jan. 24 (Xinhua) -- SpaceX completed a major test of its latest Starship prototype on Monday, one step closer to the first orbital launch attempt of the towering rocket.Starship prototype 24, stacked on Super Heavy booster prototype 7, was fueled up at SpaceXs Starbase test site in Texas in a test known as a "wet dress rehearsal.""This was the first time an integrated Ship and Booster were fully loaded with more than 10 million pounds of propellant," SpaceX said in a tweet.The test will help verify a full launch countdown sequence, as well as the performance of Starship and the orbital pad for flight-like operations, according to SpaceX.The wet dress rehearsal was one of the final milestones for the vehicle before SpaceXs attempt for an orbital launch.SpaceX is developing Starship to get people and cargo to the moon, Mars and beyond. NASA selected the vehicle to be the first crewed lunar lander for its Artemis program.

Aussie technology developed to help safeguard used nuclear fuel

File photo: CFPResearchers from Australias national science agency have developed a world-leading system to safeguard spent nuclear fuel around the world.Revealed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) on Tuesday, the Robotized Cherenkov Viewing Device (RCVD) autonomously navigates spent fuel ponds and provides inspectors with real-time footage and data that can be used for safeguard verification.The RCVD, which was developed by CSIROs digital specialist arm Data61 and Hungarian robotics company Datastart, analyzes the position of each fuel assembly and its unique signature to detect if nuclear fuel has been removed or replaced.Rosie Attwell, CSIROs Technical Program Manager, said the technology could remove the risk for humans in protecting nuclear material."The test demonstrates that autonomous robots could soon assist with field measurement and analysis of spent nuclear fuel, providing greater protection for human workers," she said in a media release."Inspectors currently operate above the pond on a suspended platform, sometimes in 40-degree Celsius heat, using a handheld device to identify hundreds of used nuclear fuel rods."This new technology will remove humans from harms way and ensure the rate of safety inspections matches that of nuclear material."The team is now working to improve the RVCDs ability to navigate and take detailed photographs in a bid to have it replicate human inspectors.They are also aiming to outfit it with computer vision to enhance its autonomy in the next round of development.

Chinese submersible reaches deepest point of Diamantina Trench, making history

Chinas Fendouzhe (Struggler) deep-sea manned submersible made history by completing 10 consecutive hours of operations at the deepest point of the Diamantina Trench in southeastern Indian Ocean and was successfully retrieved by the scientific research ship Tansuo (Exploration) -1 on Sunday.The first full-depth deep-sea manned submersible of China. (Photo: IACAS) This is the first time in human history a submersible has reached the deepest point of the trench, accelerating the scientific investigation of the trench system and is of great significance to the development of global abyssal science.The abyss expedition team, organized by the Institute of Deep Sea Science and Engineering under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), comprised 56 members from Chinas top universities including Shanghai Jiaotong University and Tongji University, set sail from South Chinas Sanya city on October 6, 2022.After that, the team completed two joint scientific research missions by China and Singapore at the Kermadec Trench and is now working on the third one at the Diamantina Trench, also its first expedition in southeastern Indian Ocean since it was officially put into use. As of January 22, Chinas Fendouzhe manned submersible has made a total of 159 dives, including 25 at the 10,000-meter level. In addition to discovering a large number of iron and manganese nodules at the bottom of the Diamantina Trench, the team of the abyss scientific expedition also placed markers saying "Happy Year of the Rabbit" at the depth of 5,810 meters in the trench. The submersible will return to Sanya city in early March 2023 as planned, after performing 22 dives in the area.

Microsoft to extend partnership with OpenAI with billions dollars investment

SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 23 (Xinhua) -- Microsoft said on Monday that it will invest in OpenAI on a "multi-year, multi-billion-dollar" scale to extend partnership.File photo: CGTN"We formed our partnership with OpenAI around a shared ambition to responsibly advance cutting-edge AI research and democratize AI as a new technology platform," Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella said in a statement.In this next phase of the partnership, developers and organizations across industries will have access to the best AI infrastructure, models, and toolchain with Azure to build and run their applications, said Nadella.In a blog post, Microsoft said that it will increase its investments in the deployment of specialized supercomputing systems to accelerate OpenAIs AI research and integrate OpenAIs AI systems with its products while "introducing new categories of digital experiences."OpenAI said that the new capital will be used to continue its independent research and develop AI thats "safe, useful and powerful."OpenAI will remain a capped-profit company as a part of the new investment deal with Microsoft. Under the model, backers returns are limited to 100 times their investment, according to a report by TechCrunch.Microsoft and OpenAI have collaborated closely in recent years. In 2019, Microsoft announced that it would invest 1 billion U.S. dollars in OpenAI to jointly develop new technologies for the Azure platform and further extend OpenAIs large-scale AI capabilities.A year later, Microsoft revealed itd built an Azure-hosted, OpenAI-co-designed supercomputer. In 2021, Microsoft launched the Azure OpenAI Service, an offering designed to give enterprises access to OpenAIs AI systems.Microsoft is also a key backer of OpenAIs Startup Fund. Its Azure cloud platform will continue to be OpenAIs exclusive cloud provider."The past three years of our partnership have been great," OpenAI CEO Sam Altman sa...

Canada to commercialize world's first photonic-based quantum computer

OTTAWA, Jan. 23 (Xinhua) -- Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced Monday a new federal investment to build and commercialize the worlds first photonic-based, fault-tolerant quantum computer.File photo: CGTNAccording to a news release from the prime minsters website, the investment of 40 million Canadian dollars (32 million U.S. dollars) will enable Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., a Toronto-based Canadian quantum computing company, to develop the quantum computer which will have the potential to provide world leading capabilities to help solve complex data problems and could be used in a variety of sectors such as finance, transportation, environmental modelling, and health.Supported through the governments Strategic Innovation Fund, this project of 177.8 million Canadian dollars (142 million U.S. dollars) is expected to create 530 new highly skilled positions in the high-tech and quantum computing fields, the release said.Earlier this month, Canada launched its National Quantum Strategy, which invests an additional 360 million Canadian dollars (288 million U.S. dollars) to help solidify Canada as a global leader in quantum technologies.Founded in 2016, Xanadu, with the mission to build quantum computers that are useful and available to people everywhere, leads the development of PennyLane, an open-source software library for quantum computing and application development.

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